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Monday, July 13, 2020

Hazard Identification Process. PowerPoint

Objectives

Assist Supervisors / Foreman / Engineers in the identification of workplace hazards by Ensure workplace hazard are controlled so far as is reasonably practicable.

Workplace Hazard

What is a Hazard?

A condition which has the potential to cause injury to people, damage to equipment or damage to the environment.

Workplace Hazard

Hazards May Cause:
A- Unsafe Conditions
B- Unsafe Acts

Unsafe acts by people can be described as:

Unsafe speeds of working
No authority – Failure to secure or warn
Safety devices made inoperative
Arranging or placing objects unsafely
Fooling, teasing, abusing
Equipment unsafe: hands instead of push stick
Adjusting moving dangerous equipment
Chance taking, shortcut
Taking unsafe position
Safe attire; Failure to use

If we can eliminate Unsafe acts & Unsafe conditions, about 98% of all accidents would be prevented.

Unsafe Conditions May Be:
Construction unsafe
Order or planning bad
No guard
Defective condition – rough, sharp, slippery
Inadequately guarded
The layout, exits, walkways, etc
Illumination unsafe
Overcrowding
No PPE
Safe ventilation non-existent22

Responsibility

  • Fill out HIP forms in their areas of authority at the beginning of each shift.
  • All hazards are identified by the workforce and have been controlled before work starts.
  • Ensure workforce understand their responsibilities in controlling hazards and sign onto the HIP form. 
  • Ensure HIP forms are updated with new hazards and controls if working conditions change during the shift or if a new worker joins the team.
  • At the end of your shift drop the HIP form into the drop box at the site entrance.

Hazard Identification Process

A- The HIP procedure has pictures to help remind supervisors of points they should be discussing with the workforce and in assessing workplace hazards.
B- The aim is to get workers to identify hazards for themselves and to encourage them to recommend the controls needed.

1. Aims and Objectives

  • The objective of the Job to be done
  • Workforce understands their job.
  • Assess how hazard is to be controlled.
  • All workers discuss together; the Supervisor is not the only one who speaks

2. Responsibilities of team members

  • If the Supervisor is called away who is in-charge.
  • All men are aware of who will be in charge. 
  • Who will do what job?

3. Man Power and Skills

  • Supervisor asks the team if they have enough workers to complete their task. No “juggling “of jobs.
  • Any “Bright Ideas” to improve safety.
  • Workers understand how to use equipment (proper training).
  • New workers not given jobs, they are not experienced in.

4. Permit to work

  • Is PTW required?
  • Has it been filled incorrectly?
  • Has it been signed by the relevant   people

5. Hazardous Substances

  • What chemicals/Substances are in use?
  • Is the SDS available?
  • Do you understand all the information On the SDS?
  • Do you know what the emergency procedures are in the event of a spill?
  • Is all the PPE adequate / is additional equipment needed (Eyewash station)?

6. PPE (Personal Protective Equipment)

  • Is the PPE correct for the job?
  • Is everyone wearing it?
  • Is PPE insufficient supply & in good condition?
  • Defects or comments noted in the HIP Form.

7. Manual Handling

  • Is lifting/carrying involved?
  • Can it be made safer or can mechanical means be used example? platforms?
  • Add controls onto HIP form.

8. Work Environment

  • The area around where men are working?
  • Things to consider: Noise, Dust, Heat (shade), Wind, working in confined spaces, adequate ventilation, working at height, slippery surfaces, tripping hazards, flying particles.
  • Write down hazards and controls on the HIP form.

9. Access and Egress

  • Is access to work area safe (Obstruction, trip hazards, slippery surfaces)?
  • Are Ladders, scaffolding in good condition fixed in position correctly (Scaf tag Cert.)? Can we escape?
  • Can we evacuate a badly injured person (on a stretcher) from the area?
  • Write down Hazard/Control measures.

10. Conflicting Activities

  • Are work activities around you likely to cause potential injury to workers from below, around or above? Ask your workforce to identify possible problems.
  • Are there areas unguarded which may cause to fall/trip/slip.
  • Are there any other unsafe conditions?
  • Are men working unsafely?
  • Record all-hazard on your HIP form and your controls. 

11. Tools and Equipment

  • Is all equipment correctly colour coded?
  • Is the equipment in good condition?
  • Write down any defective equipment and controls needed before you start the work.

12. Waste and Housekeeping

  • Is the workforce clean, no tripping hazards, fire hazards?
  • Is waste disposed of correctly?
  • List hazards and controls on your HIP form.
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