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Wednesday, July 29, 2020

JSA for Civil Works for Construction of Building Foundations

A. Job Steps

  1. Mobilization of People, Equipment & Materials
  2. Leveling, back-filling & compaction works
  3. Steel fixing, Frameworks & concreting
  4. Working at Height, erection/dismantling of scaffolding
  5. Working at night shift hours
  6. Demobilization

B. Equipment / Tools to be Used:

Transit Mixture, Loader, Roller Compactor, Plate compactor, Vibrator, wheelbarrows & Hand Tools,

C. Contingency Plans & Standard Personal Protective Equipment (PPE’s): 

First aid kit must be present at the worksite and the HSE personnel will be the first response in case of emergency, ERPs & Emergency contact numbers to be in place at the job location 

D. JSA Review Process.  

After the job has been accomplished, JSA leader should note: 
Any hazards, which were detected in the original Job Safety Analysis (JSA)?  In case of any new hazard identified by any of the working team members during the job, the JSA review process should be conducted.

1. Mobilization of Equipment & Materials

Potential Hazards

  • Involvement of unskilled personnel’s movement in restricted areas
  • Un-Authorised/un-inspected equipment/tools at site
  • Personnel injury/property damage
  • Manual handling
  • Slip, trip & fall

Hazard Controls

  • Trained & skilled staff to be authorized for working
  • Ensure JSA briefing to all workforce before commencing an activity
  • Deliver daily TBT
  • Use of appropriate PPE’s
  • Only inspected Equipment/Tools must be allowed at the worksite
  • Be sure that always use the right tools for the right job.
  • All tools must be colour coded
  • Ensure safe transportation of equipment/materials at the worksite
  • Ensure use of appropriate PPE’s, avoid throwing of materials
  • All of the materials to be secured while its transportation to work site
  • Close safety supervision

2. Leveling, Back-Filling & Compaction Works

Potential Hazards

  • Personnel hit by Movement of heavy vehicles/equipment
  • Dust
  • Slip, Trip & Fall
  • Inclement weather condition
  • Fire & explosion

Hazard Controls

  • Deliver toolbox talk to all of vehicles drivers & operators 
  • Banks men should be available at the site to control the movement of heavy vehicles/equipment
  • Keep away all unauthorized people during movement of heavy vehicle/equipment 
  • Ensure Close HSE monitoring /supervision
  • Ensure use of appropriate PPE’s (dust mask)
  • Water sprinkling to be conducted or accomplished on regular biases to avoid dust  
  • The excavated area should be properly hard barricaded 
  • Keep access/walkways always clear from any obstruction
  • Ensure proper housekeeping of the workplace all the time
  • Halt work activity in case of any rough/bad or extreme weather conditions (rain, storm, fog etc.)  
  • Restrict movement of heavy vehicles/equipment in rain/fog
  • Ensure availability of inspected fire extinguishers at site
  • Flame arrestor to be installed in all vehicles

3. Steel Fixing, Formwork & Concreting

Potential Hazards

  • Personnel hand injury while handling with steel & formwork materials
  • Manual handling
  • Sharp edges
  • Slip, trip & fall
  • Inappropriate PPE’s/Tools during concrete work 
  • Skin contact with concrete or other chemicals

Hazard Controls

  • Involvement of skilled labour
  • Ensure use of proper PPE’s
  • Deliver daily TBT before commencing work
  • Ensure use of PAT tested, inspected and colour coded hand tools & equipment.
  • Careful handling of steel & other materials 
  • Ensure proper stacking of all materials
  • Maintain good housekeeping all the time 
  • Use of appropriate PPE’s during concrete works (Eye protection, rubber gloves, gumshoes)
  • Ensure use of inspected tools for the right job
  • Availability of freshwater at site
  • First aid box should be in place at the site

4. Work at Height, Erection/Dismantling of Scaffolding

Potential Hazards

  • Unskilled personnel
  • Inappropriate materials & hand tools
  • Inappropriate PPE’S
  • Sharp edges
  • Improper material stacking
  • Scaffolding collapse, 
  • Personnel fall from a height, falling of objects from height
  • Improper Access
  • Slip, trip & fall

Hazard Controls

  • Skilled & trained scaffolders to perform work
  • Use of proper PPE’s
  • Use of inspected & colour coded hand tools
  • Avoid using damaged material for the erection of scaffolding
  • Stack material properly at the site
  • Ensure placement of base plate, sole board (as required) to avoid the collapse of scaffolding
  • Ensure proper inspection of the platform before starting work at height
  • Place scaffolding tag on platforms
  • Use of full-body harness during working at height
  • Don’t allow the throwing of materials from a height
  • Avoid any loose materials on platforms
  • All materials should be properly stacked, maintain housekeeping in the area all the time
  • Appropriate access & egress to avoid any trip & fall injuries.
  • The area should be free from obstructions of materials
  • Be careful of SIMOPS
  • Use scaffolding platform after proper inspection

5.Working at Night Shift Hours

Potential Hazards

  • Poor visibility at night hours
  • Vehicles/equipment hit with people, equipment or structure 
  • Slip, trip & fall

Hazard Controls

  • Ensure placement of base plate, sole board (as required) to avoid the collapse of scaffolding
  • Ensure proper inspection of the platform before starting work at height
  • Place scaffolding tag on platforms
  • Use of full-body harness during working at height
  • Don’t allow the throwing of materials from a height
  • Avoid any loose materials on platforms
  • All materials should be properly stacked, maintain housekeeping in the area all the time
  • Appropriate access & egress to avoid any trip & fall injuries.
  • The area should be free from obstructions of materials
  • Be careful of SIMOPS ( Simultaneous Operations)
  • Use scaffolding platform after proper inspection
  • Ensure appropriate enough lighting arrangement for late-night working hours
  • Careful movement of vehicles in night hours
  • Place refection tapes at hard barriers, structures
  • Banks men should have worn high visibility reflection vests
  • No work activity should be permitted in poor lighting conditions
  • Ensure proper housekeeping to avoid tripping

6. Demobilization

Potential Hazards

  • Involvement of unskilled personnel
  • Movement in restricted areas
  • Unauthorized/ un-inspected equipment/tools at site
  • Personnel injury/property damage
  • Manual handling
  • Slip, trip & fall

Hazard Controls

  • Trained & skilled staff to be authorized for working
  • Ensure JSA briefing to all workforce before commencing an activity
  • Deliver daily TBT
  • Use of appropriate PPE’s
  • Only inspected Equipment/Tools must be allowed at the worksite
  • Always use the right tools or equipment for the right job task.
  • All tools must be colour coded
  • Ensure safe transportation of equipment/materials at the worksite
  • Ensure use of appropriate personal Protective Equipment (PPE’s), avoid throwing of objects, tools or materials.
  • All of the materials to be secured while its transportation to work site
  • Close safety supervision
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