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Friday, July 31, 2020

July 31, 2020

Working on or Near Water (River) Safety Plan

Working near water although has its advantages but is always a very risky job and safety first should always be a priority and all safety measures should be adopted to safeguard the employees from drowning fatal incidents. Today, in the rapidly developing world particularly due to the incredible increase in population. Huge professions are related to work activities in or near water including canals, rivers, lakes and sea. Several trades that may be exposed to water (from construction workers at ports and docks to engineers that deal with air conditioning systems). Making sure safety and well-being, all employees must remain aware of the risks and complete the relevant health and safety training specific to the work in or near the water.

Risks When Working Near Water?

While working in or near water activities/jobs, the risks include everything from slips, trips and falls to exposure to contaminated water. Some of the risks are described following:
  1. Slips and trips at the water sources (edges)
  2. Moving heavy vehicles in docks, ports and harbors
  3. Insecure banks and unmarked edges of water reservoirs
  4. Contact with contaminated water (chemical, substances, polluted, biological, etc.)
  5. Manual handling and lifting hazards
  6. Exposure to Legionella Bacteria (Biological & viral)
  7. The risk of falling into water and drowning
  8. Contact with contaminated water, presenting, for example, the risk of Weil’s disease
  9. Drowning-related risks such as incoming tides and rising floodwaters
  10. Exposure to extreme weather CONDITIONS, whether it’s direct sunlight or cold temperatures
  11. Use of electrical equipment, tools, machinery around water, leading to electric shock electrical hazards
  12. Trips, slips and falls
  13. Impact with submerged objects
  14. Floating or submerged debris
  15. Hypothermia
  16. Sunburn and heat stress
  17. Insect/bee stings.

An Employer’s Responsibility

To ensure health and safety it’s an employer’s responsibility at work and a legal requirement described in the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974. Employers have a legal and moral responsibility to ensure the welfare of employees at work and provide a safe working environment & (SSOW) along with appropriate training, instruction and supervision. Depending on the job type, employers may also have to provide proper personal protective equipment (PPE) to maximize employee safety.
Before starting and mobilization of the work at the worksite (work near or in the water), it’s essential to conduct a risk assessment and hazard identification. We need to identify any potential hazards and assess the severity and range of risks designing a safe system of working (SSOW). All employees working on or near the water will also require to be aware of the risks and appropriately and well trained in working safely around water.
An essential part of the risk assessment and hazard identification is to evaluate the level, severity and possibility of risk. It will be crucial to consider who is at risk, and this may involve vulnerable groups such as young apprentices, expected mothers or migrant workers.

The controls the Risks the following initiatives must be taken:

  • Lone working must not be allowed, if needed, co-workers should be there to watch very closely.
  • Water Proofed communication devices must be available
  • An emergency plan must be in place to tackle and handle emergencies.
  • Appropriate provision must be available for first aid.
  • Specialist training and equipment may be required for the proper first aid.
  • Availability and provision of Lifebuoys, meeting an approved standard with an appropriate buoyant lifeline of adequate length attached, should be available within around 50m of any working position where a person could fall into the water.
  • Reasonable personal buoyancy equipment, such as life jackets, should be provided by employers.
  • Other PPE should be provided as mandatory to protect against other hazards, such as chemical exposure.
  • Operators also required to cover broken skin and wash hands thoroughly after coming into contact with water from rat-contaminated areas.
  • All electrical installations and equipment, tools, machinery should be constructed, installed, operated, protected and maintained to prevent the risk of danger from electric shock or burns.
  • As mandatory, guard rails to prevent and safeguard falling into water are required, e.g. on walkways and platforms. Appropriate safety footwear may be needed to minimize the risk of slipping.
  • Proper training, induction/orientations and supervision are mandatory and part of appropriate control measures.

Health Safety and Environmental Training for Employees Working Near Water

Biological Legionella Awareness Training must be mandatory for any trades person working with water systems or near natural water like ponds, rivers lakes. Legionella can be present in both outdoor artificial water reservoirs systems like air conditioning systems. Legionella Awareness Training (LAT) is designed to give a good KNOWLEDGE of the disease and the bacteria.

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July 31, 2020

Cranes Access Control Checklist

What Points Include while Preparing Cranes

The following important points must be discussed and included:

  1. Current Certification Client Approved company.SLI Fitted & Fully Operational
  2. Hoists Limit Safety Devices Operational
  3. Boom Limit Safety Device Operational
  4. Main & Auxiliary Hoist Rope Conditions
  5. Boom Hoist Rope Conditions
  6. Boom Pendant Wire Conditions
  7. Hooks Security Latches
  8. Hook Block Conditions  & Sheaves
  9. Wire Rope Termination Security
  10. Wire Spooling on Winch Drums
  11. Lower Works/Truck Conditions
  12. Head & Rear Light Sources
  13. High & Low Head Light Beams.
  14. Turn lights
  15. Middle & Side Mirrors
  16. Glass Wipers
  17. ALL Glasses of the Item
  18. Door & Lock Conditions
  19. Main & Reverse  Horns
  20. Item Equipped for Hazardous Areas
  21. Main Spare Tires
  22. Brakes Rear Brake lights
  23. Fuel/Any Liquid Leakages
  24. Exhaust System (Noise/smoke)
  25. Fire Extinguisher
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Cranes Access Control Checklist

Thursday, July 30, 2020

July 30, 2020

Worksite Health and Safety Bulletin Board

The Importance of Worksite Health and Safety Bulletin Board

Proper health and safety communication play a vital role to protect workers from unwanted fatal incidents/accidents or near misses and their health and safety in the workplace. It is the legal and moral duty of employers to post certain informational documents. The Health and Safety Bulletin Board (HSEBB) is an ideal location for posting these documents.  A Ministry of Labour (MOL) inspector may check the Health and Safety Bulletin Board at your workplace to make sure that the employer has posted the required documents.
Below mentioned is a list of various documents that could be found on the Health and Safety Bulletin Board at your worksite.  It includes possible useful links for downloading and further HSE information. 
Workplace Safety and Health (WSH) Bulletin regarded to be free electronic newsletter published by the Workplace Safety and Health (WSH) department within the organization. Workplace Safety and Health (WSH) Alerts: The Alerts keep readers informed of recent organization’s WSH incidents and highlight learning points, and provide recommendations on how similar incidents can be avoided.

About HSE Documents

To download more about occupational health, safety and environmental free content e.g., risk assessments, method of statements, inspection/observation reports, incident/accident/near miss reports, audit external and internal QA & QC audit reports, job hazard identification, pre-task briefing reports, minutes of meeting formats, training need analysis, safety training PowerPoint slides, civil fabric reports, incident reporting formats, toolbox talks, variety of checklists, electrical, HAVC, plumbing, fire and safety reports, energy conservation reports, QHSE inspection closure reports, personal protective equipment (safety shoes, high visibility safety jackets, face shield, safety glasses, helmet, fall arrest system, posters, tags, emergency cards, emergency response procedures, policy statements, technical guidelines and procedures for hand, battery-operated or power tools, equipment and machinery, confined space entry, roads safety, Nebosh notice, previous papers, free HSE /OSH/SHE and engineering books,  oil and gas reports, please visit our website at https://www.hsedocuments.com/  and where you will find all about HSE.

Health Safety and Environmental: 

The Health Safety and Environmental articles generate very informative and useful awareness on various safety and health-related issues and topics, such as occupational health and diseases, the handling of industrial chemicals, substances and sharing of prominent Workplace Safety and Health (WSH) practices.

HSE Announcements:

The health safety and environmental announcements feature updates on events and programs organized by the company’s WSH department by using the HSE bulletin boards. They would also keep readers updated on recent Workplace Safety and Health (WSH) related news and developments, including the roll-out of new laws and regulations, Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) technical guidelines, advisories and Codes of Practices on such HSE Bulletin boards at worksites/projects.
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July 30, 2020

HSE Electrical Audit Checklist

The Following Leading Point will be Discussed and noted in the HSE Electrical Audit Checklist:

A. Electrical Switchboards and Equipment

  1. Are switchboards and electrical equipment in a safe condition? 
  2. Is everything on the switchboard clearly labelled? 
  3. Have all electrical safety switches (residual current devices) been fitted to all circuits?   

B. Power Points, Light Fittings and Switches   

  1. Are all power points light fittings are in safe place and free from obvious defects (e.g. loose safety covers or wires broken, damaged or deteriorated electrical fittings, signs of overheating)?
  2. Are isolating switches clearly labelled and accessible?   

D. Power Tools, Flexible Leads and Power Boards   

  1. Is portable electrical equipment, tools or machinery protected by safety switches?   
  2. Are all power tools, extension leads and power boards maintained in a safe operating condition (check for damaged insulation. water leaks. burn marks, bent or loose pins or fittings)?   
  3. Are extension leads, cords and power boards located in a safe position to prevent mechanical or other severe damage or deterioration (including trips)?   

E. Inspecting and Maintaining Electrical Equipment

  1. Are all electrical fittings and electrical equipment including portable power tools are regularly inspected and maintained?   
  2. Have all the power leads been inspected and tanned?
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July 30, 2020

HSE Site Inspection Checklist

What Worksite Inspection Scope Must Cover the Points?

  1. Are warning signs, HSE policy and HSE instructions adequately displayed?
  2. Is a facility for HSE induction available and records being maintained?
  3. Is the use of personal protection gears such as safety helmet, safety footwear, safety goggle and safety harness apparent?
  4. Is the condition of scaffolding, ladders and work forms satisfactory?
  5. Are openings and other potential fall points properly protected or barricaded with safety tapes and marked?
  6. Are earth circuit leakage circuit breakers (ELCBs)installed (if required)
  7. Are electric equipment earthed properly?
  8. Are distribution and switchboards properly insulated?
  9. Are electric connections properly and without bare conductors visible?
  10. Is the condition of cables satisfactory?
  11. Are combustible and flammable materials properly stocked to prevent fire hazards?
  12. Is housekeeping on-site being taken care of?
  13. Are first-aid room adequately equipped and medic available?
  14. Are the maintenance records of machinery and equipment available?
  15. Are lifting equipment and lifting gears fit for the purpose?
  16. Is firefighting equipment adequate and serviceable?

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Wednesday, July 29, 2020

July 29, 2020

Portable Fire Extinguisher Plan

Policy Statement

Our Company (Company Name) provides Portable Fire Extinguishers (PFE) for FLS Technicians /employees to use to extinguish initial fires. The extinguishers are located at a recommended distance within the facilities various easily accessible locations points so that they are easily identified and readily accessible to employees/technicians. 


Authority 
(Company Name) FLS Department has organized the following information to act as a guideline/checklist for (Project/Facility Name) Project’s inspection, maintenance, recharging and testing that is to be performed. All of the information can be found in the 2007 edition of the Standard for Portable Fire Extinguishers (NFPA-10) & 29 CFR 1910.157 (Portable Fire Extinguishers). 

Scope
This Portable Fire Extinguishers Plan highlights the placement, use, maintenance, and testing of portable fire extinguishers to extinguish incipient fires at the workplace.

Plan Administration
Table 1.0 provides the personnel and contact information in details for the administration of the fire extinguisher plan.

Program Contact Information

  Table: 1.0

Date:

 

Reference No:

 

Project/Site

 

Client:

 

Conducted by:

 

Review by:

 

Health Safety and Environmental (HSE) Manager

The Administrator will:

  • Establish and review the Fire Extinguisher Plan, when necessary.
  • Provide significant training to technicians who are authorized to use fire extinguishers.
  • Develop and implement a fire extinguisher (MEP) and update schedule.
  • Take corrective action when needed.

Project Manager/Plant Manager will:

  1. Ensure that only authorized employees use fire extinguishers.
  2. Plan Review and Update

The Plan will be reviewed annually. It will be revised when:

  • New fire hazards are introduced to the workplace
  • The regulations change
  • Operations at the site or facility change that affect accessibility and use of fire extinguishers
  • Near misses or accidents occurrences demonstrate a failure of the Plan
Incipient or Initial Fire:
  1. A fire in its beginning stage that can be controlled or extinguished with a portable fire extinguisher without the need for protective clothing or breathing apparatus.
  2. Portable Fire Extinguisher: A manually driven, pressurized container that contains an agent that when discharged can extinguish an early fire.
Portable Fire Extinguisher Use

All employees will be trained and authorized to use portable fire extinguishers to fight the initial type of fires.


Selection of The Fire Extinguishers
  • Portable fire types A, B, C and D extinguishers have been selected and distributed at the facility by (Facility/Project Name) based on the types of anticipated workplace fires and on the size and degree of possible and critical hazard that would affect their use.
  • Attachment (Name) includes the Fire Extinguisher Inventory that describes each portable fire extinguisher distributed in the facility r site, its type, and location.
Types and Ratings

This facility or project site (name of the project/facility) maintains approved extinguishers for the following types of potential fires:

Type A: Ordinary combustibles material for example wood, cloth, paper, rubber and many plastics.

Type B: Flammable liquids, e.g. a variety of petroleum products such as gasoline, oil, grease, tar, oil-based paint, lacquer, and flammable gas.

Type C: Electrical equipment & tools, including wiring, fuse boxes, circuit breakers, machinery and various appliances.

Type D: Combustible metals such as magnesium and potassium (uncommon)

Locations for the Portable Extinguishers Installation:

Portable fire extinguishers must be located in or in close adjacency to all fire hazard areas. Below is the maximum employee/staff travel distance to any extinguisher in the facility/building/site:

Type A-Extinguishers - 75 feet from a hazard area

Type B- Extinguishers - 50 feet from a hazard area

Type C- Extinguishers - Applicable Type A or B distance

Type D- Extinguishers - 75 feet from the combustible metal working area


Fire Extinguisher Operating Procedures

Authorized, competent and trained employees will implement the Pull-Aim-Squeeze-Sweep (PASS) system for extinguishing initial fires. Each employee will regulate whether he or she is efficient in fighting a fire on a case-by-case basis.

Following are the basic required conditions under which an employee may fight an incipient fire:

  • The fire is small and at it’s in the early stage
  • Heavy smoke is not present
  • An appropriate fire extinguisher is readily available
  • There is an unblocked exit promptly available for evacuation

One or more employees are authorized to get hold of the nearest appropriate extinguisher(s), move to a position upwind of the fire if the air is moving, and operate the extinguisher following the PASS procedure:

P - Pull the pin of the FE-located in the extinguisher’s handle.

A - Aim the nozzle at the base POINT of the fire.

S - Squeeze the lever or handle.

S - Sweep from side to side at the base of the fire until the extinguisher or the canister is empty.


Safety Precautions
Employees will evaluate the risks of fighting an early fire before attempting to extinguish it.

Escape if the Fire Grows. 

If employees take an action to put out a basic fire and it grows too large to and not possible to extinguish, they will immediately escape through the nearest exit, and close-but “NEVER LOCK” the door behind them if possible.


Keep away from hazardous substances. 

When hazardous substances and or material are involved, a severe amount of smoke and gases released from a fire can be toxic, so employees should never attempt to put out a fire if they have any doubts about their safety and health. If they have any confusion or ambiguity, employees will evacuate the area and wait for emergency respondents who have the proper equipment and are trained in fire-fighting procedures.


Inspection, Maintenance, and Testing

Proper maintenance must be carried out for all portable fire extinguishers, maintained in a fully charged state and operable condition and kept in their designated places at all times except during their usage.


Inspection and Maintenance

The responsible fire technician, employee or personal will visually inspect all portable fire extinguishers (Time Duration) according to the following guidelines:

  • Fire Extinguishers must be installed in their designated location, secured appropriately and the proper type for the hazard area.
  • Access to extinguishers is not obstructed.
  • Extinguishers are TESTED for obvious physical damage, deterioration, corrosion, leakage, or clogged nozzles.
  • Legible operating instructions are on the extinguisher nameplate facing outward.
  • Seals and tamper indicators are not broken or missing.
  • Fire Extinguishers pressure-gauge readings or indicators are within the operable ranges.
  • Inspection tags must be installed and dated

The (Insert Name) will conduct a maintenance check at least annually according to the following guidelines:

  • Conduct all monthly inspection checks.
  • Inspect the hose and nozzle for cracks, blockages, or other damage.
  • Inspect the extinguisher shell for corrosion, dents, or other damage.
  • Weigh Carbon Dioxide (Co2) fire extinguishers to ensure no weight deviation greater than 10%.
Corrective Actions

Defective extinguishers will be removed, marked or tagged with information about the defect, and placed in a designated location until repair and/or recharging is performed. The project engineer/inspector will provide the alternative units when portable fire extinguishers are removed from service for maintenance and recharging.

Hydrostatic Testing for Fire Extinguishers

All portable fire extinguishers will be hydrostatically tested at regular intermission and whenever they show evidence of corrosion or mechanical damage/deterioration. See Attachment (number) for a copy of the Certified Hydrostatic Test Schedule (CHTS) form. Project Engineer/FLS technician will ensure that portable extinguishers are hydrostatically tested at the intervals listed in Attachment (reference number) except when:

  • The Fire Extinguisher unit has been repaired by soldering, welding, brazing, or use of patching compounds
  • The cylinder or shell threads are damaged
  • There is corrosion damage that has caused pitting, including corrosion under removable nameplate assemblies
  • The Fire Extinguisher has been damaged and burned in a fire
  • A calcium chloride (CaCl2) extinguishing agent has been utilized in a stainless steel shell

Fire Extinguishers subject to the exceptions described above will be tested or replaced immediately upon discovery of damage. An internal examination of cylinders and shells will be made before the hydrostatic tests. Extinguisher hose assemblies. Hydrostatic tests will be performed on extinguisher hose assemblies which are equipped with a shut-off nozzle at the discharge end of the hose. The test interval will be the same as specified for the extinguisher on which the hose is installed.

Record Keeping

(Company/personal) will retain a certified record of hydrostatic testing for each portable extinguisher according to the time intervals listed in Attachment (reference number). Each record will include the date of the hydro test t, the signature of the conducting person, and the serial number, or another identifier, of the fire extinguisher that was hydro tested. Such records will be kept until the extinguisher is hydrostatically retested at the particular time interval, or until the fire extinguisher is taken out of service, whichever comes first.


Frequency

At intermission not exceeding those particular in Table 5-2, fire extinguishers shall be 

hydrostatically re-tested. The hydrostatic retest shall be carried out within the calendar year of the specified test hiatus. In no case shall a fire extinguisher be recharged if it is beyond its specified retest date:

Sr.

Extinguisher Type

(Years

1. 

Stored-pressure water, loaded system, and/or antifreeze

5

2.

Wetting Agent

5

3.

AFFF (aqueous film-forming foam)

5

4.

FFFP (film-forming Fluoroprotein foam)

5

5.

Dry chemical with stainless steel shells

5

6.

Carbon dioxide

5

7.

Wet chemical

5

8.

DCP, stored-pressure, with mild steel shells brazed brass shells, or Aluminium shells

12

9.

Dry chemical, cartridge- or cylinder-operated, with mild steel shells

12

10.

Halogenated agents

12

11.

Dry powder, stored-pressure, cartridge- or cylinder-operated, with mild steel shells

12

Table 5-2

Training

(The Company/Employer/Contractor) will provide employees with the authority to use portable fire extinguishers with an educational program upon the start of the employment and annually thereafter to familiarize them with the general principles of fire extinguisher use and the hazards involved with incipient stage firefighting. Employees who have been designated to use firefighting equipment as part of an emergency action plan will be trained in the use of the appropriate equipment.

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