Wednesday, December 8, 2021

Generic Risk Assessment Rescues From Tunnels and Underground Structures

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  • Traffic and machinery movements
  • Electricity
  • Water
  • Hazardous substances/saved items
  • Construction section
  • Human behaviour
  • Structure
  • Underfoot situations
  • Restricted operating
  • Complexity
  • Physiological
  • Environmental


  • Construction phase
  • Human behaviour
  • Structure
  • Underfoot conditions
  • Exposure to hazardous chemical compounds, chemical reaction to fire
  • Restricted get entry to/egress
  • Electrical
  • Fire loading of the structure
  • Mechanical dangers
  • Environmental conditions
  • Unexpected or unpredictable behaviour from the public at some point of the evacuation section
  • Concrete spalling/ structural failure/unexpected fall apart
  • Slips/journeys
  • Loose materials at the ground surface
  • Slippery surfaces
  • Obstructions and ride hazards
  • Manual dealing with/musculoskeletal
  • Disorientation
  • Loss of communique systems
  • Travel distances Evacuation difficulties Difficulty making use of
  • accurate strategies, media and resources
  • Heat exhaustion
  • Hypothermia
  • Fatigue
  • Restricted space working
  • Irrespirable ecosystem
  • Oxygen deficiency or enrichment
  • Heat, smoke, smoke tour
  • Water pollutants
  • Darkness covering the presence of dangers
  • Weather/wind producing
  • inclement conditions,
  • items/gadgets being
  • carried by the wind
  • within the tunnel and underground shape
  • Changing course and/
  • or depth of the fire
  • Noise
  • Persons at danger
  • Fire and rescue employees
  • Public
  • Other businesses

Control Measures

  • Road closure/fending off approaches
  • Shut down and isolation of equipment/automated system
  • Restricted get right of entry to.
  • Isolation, bonding to earth and checking out to ensure electrical safety
  • Advice from internal and/or outside specialists
  • eg tactical advisors and software corporation
  • representatives.
  • Water safety preparations
  • Universal hygiene techniques
  • Appropriate non-public protecting device for instance dry fits, personal floatation gadgets.
  • Planning, law and cognizance,
  • identification tactics
  • Provision of appropriate private defensive system, for example, fuel-tight suits.
  • Close liaison among Fire and Rescue
  • Authorities, enforcement government,
  • constructor and proprietor/operator
  • during construction.
  • Thorough looking of the tunnel and
  • underground structure
  • Training and consciousness.
  • Identification of production kind, age, condition to decide the hazard of failure
  • Specialist structural recommendation
  • Emergency evacuation approaches.
  • Scene lighting fixtures
  • Training and cognizance
  • Personal defensive system –
  • shielding shoes.
  • Planning
  • Training
  • Firefighting non-public protecting
  • device.
  • Well-rehearsed multi-company
  • emergency plans
  • Planning
  • Specialist get entry to system
  • Intervention shafts
  • Fixed installations.
  • Increased team rotation
  • Intervention shafts to minimise
  • journey distances
  • Planning
  • Crew welfare and hydration.
  • Breathing equipment
  • Air tracking
  • Emergency evacuation methods.
  • Planning to remember structures/supplies
  • Specialist records/recommendation
  • Weather reports
  • Control of air flow systems
  • Knowledge of prevailing wind situations
  • Control of water run-off.
  • Scene/website lighting fixtures
  • Training and consciousness
  • Firefighting private defensive gadget.
  • Specialist advice (for instance the
  • Met Office) Training and
  • focus (eye safety)
  • Crew rotation and welfare arrangements
  • Emergency evacuation approaches.
  • Limit publicity
  • Crew rotation
  • Provision of listening to safety
  • Awareness
  • Health monitoring.
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