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Tuesday, May 18, 2021

Brick Laying Risk Assessment (SWMS)

Following are some main highlighted points that shall be used for the preparation of  risk assessment & SWMS for the brick lying work activities:

Task / Activity-Job Steps

  • Pre-job planning 
  • Arrival on site 
  • Safety Analysis particular related to worksite / Risk Assessment (RA)
  • Work area set up 
  • Working at Height 
  • Manual Handling
  • Unload all equipment on-sit
  • Delivery of materials 
  • Re-positioning of brick
  • blocks and other materials to work areas 
  • Mortar mixing
  • Cutting - using angle
  • grinder, trowel, hammer, or bolster 
  • Using electric brick and block saws
  • Using brick elevator 
  • Bricklaying (Shoring up free-standing walls & Steel strengthening rod insertions)
  • Brick cleaning using hydrochloric acid 
  • Cleaning up of worksite at end of day

Hazards & Risks 

  • Poor communication and planning leading to workers being underprepared to commence work. 
  • Parking in unauthorized areas
  • Entering restricted areas of the worksite
  • Entry to the site before induction or site-specific Risk Assessment may lead to unidentified hazards resulting in injuries
  • Fall from Height 
  • Slips, trips & falls 
  • Being struck by equipment 
  • Crush injuries
  • Lacerations and cuts
  • Musculoskeletal injuries
  • Fall from a height over 2m
  • Electrocution – working near live electricity
  • Overloading
  • Scaffold collapse
  • Overload on scaffold bays (do not exceed the limit of scaffold bays while working on a scaffold
  • Muscular injuries caused by manual handling
  • Cuts, crush injuries to hands 
  • Struck by mobile plant
  • Electrocution
  • Cuts, crush injuries to hands 
  • Muscular damage caused by manual handling injuries
  • Struck by mobile plant
  • Muscular damage caused by manual handling injuries
  • Hazardous substances that can cause skin, lung, and eye irritation 
  • Back and muscle strained
  • Hearing Damage
  • Inhalation from debris/dust causing respiratory damage
  • Dermatitis 
  • Back and muscle strained
  • Inhalation from debris/dust causing respiratory damage
  • Elevator dislocation from upper attachment – crush injuries
  • Pinch hazards
  • Falling objects
  • Collapse of freshly laid walls
  • Freestanding wall falling over by weather such as high wind
  • Injuries caused by falling materials
  • Cuts and abrasions
  • Jarring of fingers
  • Dangerous goods
  • Burns to skin
  • Eye damage
  • Lung damage
  • Acid overspray  
  • Injuries to the body caused by any falling materials 
  • Dust inhalation caused by various tasks
  • Irritation of the eyes caused by various tasks such as sweeping
  • Muscular injuries caused by any manual handling tasks  

Control Measures

  • Ensure the site safety plans, as well as any other plans, are reviewed before works
  • Discuss activities to be conducted and what HSE precautions are required and recommended.
  • Considerations can include:
  • Walls formerly identified on the design drawings as requiring temporary supports.
  • Any aspects of the wall that may affect its stability – for example, control joints, lintels, damp proof course, or openings etc.
  • Worker walkways or access paths
  • Plant, equipment, machinery and or material movement, including delivery and storage areas
  • Existing or planned excavations
  • Walls connected to another facility or a general public area.
  • Extreme weather conditions for the location and season – e.g., strong and heavy winds wind,
  • extreme temperatures, and rain etc.
  • The scheduled height, width, and layout of walls 
  • Making sure that the employees or workforce who are not yet skilled to accomplish tasks are provided appropriate training, instruction, and supervision.
  • Vehicle should be parked legally in a safe location, clear of passing vehicles, other trades, and pedestrians.
  • Make proper set up temporary fencing, barriers, safety tape etc. to make sure that the public is safe and secure.
  • Make a Risk Assessment to decide further controls that may be required. 
  • The below described are some, but not limited hazards we may want to consider in our risk assessment: 
  • Adherence to general housekeeping practices
  • Weather and wind conditions that may affect freshly laid brick walls
  • Where materials will be delivered
  • Understand emergency procedures Identifying uneven ground conditions for slips and trips 
  • Identifying overhead and underground services 
  • First aid provisions
  • PPE Requirements for the site
  • Create exclusion zones as required
  • Use appropriate PPE 
  • Manual handling training and team lifting
  • Use battery-powered tools where possible.
  • Ensure adequate lighting is present
  • Select appropriate working at height methodology i.e., Scaffold, Mobile Scaffold, Platform Ladders conforming to Australian Standards
  • Make sure that staff are essentially inducted to the site and trained in relevant trade.
  • Ensure openings and penetrations are securely covered
  • Do not climb on any scaffold
  • Use supplied access ladder only
  • Never carry materials on ladders
  • Proper and recommended thickness of planks to spans used.
  • Follow manufactures instructions Always use 2 planks wide
  • Make sure that the toe boards and guardrails are in place. 
  • Check for overhead power lines before erecting any work at heights equipment.
  • Ensure all live circuits at risk of impact are isolated by a licensed electrician  
  • If overhead powerlines are present, ensure the minimum distances away from the services is maintained per the Code of Practice. 
  •  Stacks to be loaded correctly on the scaffold
  • Any materials stacked on bays must not reach a height of side handrails on the scaffold
  • Utilize mechanical lifting devices where possible to minimize the need for manual work
  • Utilize a two-person lift for heavy or awkward loads when mechanical lifting devices are not available.
  • Ensure loads do not exceed perimeters of pallets used for transport and are to be restrained using ratchet straps
  • Ensure personnel are trained not to lift any item that they feel may be too heavy and carrying of any load is to be avoided wherever possible
  • Always plan movements and ensure paths of movement are clear from obstructions before lifting/handling loads
  • Ensure wheelbarrow tire pressures are correct
  • Always utilize correct Manual Handling techniques and practice manual handling safety
  • Pushing is preferred to be pulling, heavier items are to be stored between hip and shoulder height wherever practicable 
  • Maintain housekeeping on-site to ensure clear access around the work area and especially around equipment and materials that require frequent lifting/handling 
  • Raise any concerns if you consider a task is potentially hazardous, report the issue to supervisor and discuss possible alternate controls Position brick elevators, mixers, and saws in appropriate positions –
  • Stable ground and close to the work area
  • Use ramps where possible
  • Ensure electrical leads are protected and all electrical equipment is plugged into an RCD
  • All storage areas must be clean and dry with a clear path for access and egress. 
  • Set up exclusion zones for workers and the public as required.
  • Certified forklift operator or crane (HIAB) operator must remove brick pallets from truck.
  • Bricks and other materials to be located as close as possible to the work area. 
  • 20kgs bags to be moved via wheelbarrows where possible and not lifted. 
  • Follow Step 5 for manual handling risks
  • Ensure wheelbarrow tires are at the recommended pressure
  • Ensure a clear path for wheelbarrow   Set up exclusion zones were required 
  • Always wear correct PPE for the task
  • Use electric mortar mixer – minimize hand mixing to reduce muscular stress
  • Always wear all PPE required for the task including hard hat, high vis vest, eye protection, hearing protection, P2 mask, gloves
  • Rotate task between workers 
  • Keep area clean 
  • Use electric mortar mixer – minimize hand mixing to reduce muscular stress
  • Pre-start inspection should include electric wires to be free of damage or cuts, the frame is free of cracks, the belt is free from damage. Do not operate and report to the manager if the fault is found.
  • Ensure the locking pin is in place between upper and lower sections.
  • Ensure wheels at bottom of the elevator are locked and attachment at the top is secure
  • Do not stand under elevator while in use
  • Create a no-go zone for other workers and the public while in use
  • Do not operate in high wind 
  • Build walls at the same time as cross walls or returns, or nailing-off frame ties in veneer construction, so that they support each other
  • Install temporary supports
  • Establish stop heights to allow mortar to gain adequate strength before further construction – e.g., at lintel height
  • Stack materials away from unsupported masonry walls – i.e., no leaning materials against walls
  • Prevent inadvertent impact on walls by the plant such as wheelbarrows, cranes, or pallet trolleys – e.g., using dedicated travel paths and storage areas
  • Monitor weather conditions – e.g., wind, extreme temperatures, and heavy rain – and amending work practices to suit
  • Contain spills and prevents run-off. 
  • Do not acid wash in high wind 
  • Remove larger offcuts from the area
  • Always follow the manufacturer’s instructions when dismantling work at heights equipment
  • PPE e.g., dust masks, gloves, eye protection
  • Use mechanical aids such as trolley as able
  • Ensure access to a vehicle is clear

Download File

Brick Laying Risk Assessment (SWMS) 

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