Friday, May 1, 2020

Risk Assessment for Use of Electrical Appliance and Equipment

In the early stage of the existing of human beings, life was too simple and most of our ancestors were just work close to nature to live and survival. But with time, this world changed rapidly that revolutionary changes affect every field and human life. Life becomes easier and man invented electricity accidentally, and then with the invention of the electricity, man invented the tools, equipment, machinery, appliances, and very soon our houses are now full of electrical appliances from Televisions, refrigerators, juicers, washing machines, hammer drills, water pumps, air conditioners too heavy commercial plants.
All such machines and tools are our daily necessities and it is very difficult to survive without these facilities of routine life. Some of them, particularly electrical heaters, dryers, and electric blankets, supposed to be very hazardous if used incorrectly. As of end-users for these electrical tools and appliances, we have put together safety information and instructions for these and other daily usable appliances found in many households.
The all above mentioned electrical tools and equipment pose a risk of electric shock or fire, so it is very important for us to follow safety precautions and to make sure we use it following the manufacturer’s instructions.

Here down we will discuss some of very important and useful general safety information and instructions on electrical equipment and appliances which include:

1. Most of the new appliance, tools, machinery is coming with latest safety installations and features, even that we must take all safety measures.
2. In case you are buying any used and or second-hand tool or equipment, you must make its PAT test from the third party or outsource appliance or tools, competent professionals.
3. You must also visually kept on inspection of the appliances and tools e.g., plugs, damaged cords and other installations.
4. Always regularly check your appliances, tools or equipment for any fault.
5. While cleaning or making any minor repair, turn off and unplug all electrical appliances first. Clean them with a dry cloth.
6. Most of us in our homes, we make overload of the sockets by inserting multi appliances or equipment into one outlet. This practice is never recommended for health and safety. Always use appliances to minimum outlet options.
7. In case of your equipment, tool or machinery and or appliance repeatedly blows a fuse, trips a circuit breaker or has given you an electrical shock, disconnect it immediately and post a warning tag or inform all members of the family and ask them not to use.
8. Always repair your tool or equipment by a licensed and competent electrical worker, or replace it.
9. After you have repaired or get tested from outsourcing or a third party, then it is safe to use. Keep on Supervising and train the children and other members of the family or workers until they are aware of how to properly use the appliance.

Electrical Safety Precautions Notice

Electrical Safety Checks and Tests 
Being a user of any electrical appliance and or tool, you must carry out regular informal “Before Use Visual Checks” and such formal routine and regular visual inspections improve health and safety. ​Always remember to include cables, plugs, and outlets in any checks.​
If you are an employer, the Legislation requires you to decide on the frequency of testing (that could be a portable appliance Test) and inspection based on your Risk Assessment and or Hazard Identification. Keep all details of the equipment or tool as mentioned below:
⦁    The type of equipment/tool/machinery/portable or transportable.
⦁    Where this tool or equipment is to be utilized?
⦁    In what type of environment is to be used if it's used in a harsh environment (extreme hot or cold and or rainy wet atmosphere).

Preventing Electrical Risks

Use alternative of high voltage to low voltage, lower voltages can reduce or remove the risks of electrical severe shocks and burns. ​
Now electrical appliance and tool manufacturers are manufacturing battery-powered tools which are very economical and are the safest options.
Use lower voltage portable tools at 110 volts.
Always you should use a residual current device (RCD) or lower voltage tools in extreme environments conditions.​

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