Monday, January 29, 2024



Table of Contents

1.0. Scope of Work

1.1. Ceramic Tiles Floor

1.2. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

1.3. Training

1.4. Safe Work Practices

1.5. Material Handling

1.6. Preparation of Floors

1.7. Floor Water Proofing Application

1.8. Ceramic Floors Tiling Works Methodology

Scope of Work

1.1. Ceramic Tiles Floor

1.1.1. Ceramic tiles type &color, mortar mix, glue, grout, shop drawings, and method of Application shall be approved by the consultant.

1.1.2. Ensure that delivered materials are from approved manufacturers and in original labeled packing.

1.1.3. Mock-up shall be arranged for wall and floor tiles at the location designated by the consultant for final approval.

1.1.4. Approved mock-up and sample shall be available at the site and the materials delivered to the site shall be appropriately checked as per the approved sample.

1.1.5. Tiles of approved sizes shall be used for laying.

1.1.6. Ensure the MEP clearance is obtained

1.1.7. Restrict the working area to prevent unauthorized entry. Method statement for tiling work

1.1.8. The tiled substrate areas shall be brushed clean and the finished floor level shall be established by means of dots.

1.1.9. All traces of grease, oil loose particles, etc. must be removed.

1.1.10. In wet areas check that approved Waterproofing is completed as per Manufacturer’s instruction and tested for leakage.

1.1.11. Ensure that the laying of tiles shall be as per the direction and pattern agreed with the consultant.

1.1.12. Setting out shall be done by the surveyor and approved by the consultant.

1.1.13. Before laying tiles obtain approval of setting out by consultant. 

1.1.14. Provide symmetry about center lines of the space or areas and adjust to minimize tile cutting.

1.1.15. Tiling should be started from the start point as fixed on the approved shop drawings.

1.1.16. Lay out tile work so that tiles less than 1/2 full size do not occur and with the minimum of cutting. Carefully grind the edges of the cut tile. Make sure that the cut tiles are in corners and are equal accordingly on each wall face.

1.2. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

1.2.1. Require all workers to wear appropriate PPE, including steel-toed boots, safety glasses, gloves, and hearing protection.

1.2.2. Provide workers with dust masks or respirators if they are working in an environment with airborne particles.

1.3. Training:

1.3.1. Ensure that all workers are adequately trained in the proper use of tools and equipment.

1.3.2. Provide training on the correct techniques for lifting and carrying heavy materials to prevent musculoskeletal injuries.

1.3.3. Conduct regular safety meetings to reinforce safety protocols and address any concerns or questions from the workers.

1.4. Safe Work Practices:

1.4.1. Establish guidelines for the safe use of power tools, including proper handling, maintenance, and storage.

1.4.2. Implement procedures for working at heights, such as using guardrails, safety nets, or personal fall arrest systems.

1.4.3. Encourage proper body mechanics to prevent back injuries when lifting and carrying heavy tiles or equipment.

1.5. Material Handling:

1.5.1. Clearly label and store materials in a designated area to prevent tripping hazards.

1.5.2. Use proper lifting techniques, and provide mechanical aids such as dollies or forklifts for moving heavy materials.

1.5.3. Ensure that the workspace is organized and free from clutter to reduce the risk of accidents.

1.6. Preparation of Floors: 

1.6.1. Cast-in-place concrete substrates shall be appropriately smooth and level such that when thin-set mortar to accept tiles is applied, no voids under the tiles occur. 

1.6.2. Grind off high spots and fill in low spots as required to ensure no voids occur during the installation.

1.7. Floor Water Proofing Application: 

1.7.1. All toilets & pantries to receive waterproofing. 

1.7.2. Apply the liquid waterproofing at a rate of a minimum of 1.5 kg/m2 on horizontal surfaces and extend at least 100mm high on vertical surfaces or as per the approved shop drawings and method statement details.  Before installation of porcelain tiles, place a 1000 gauge polythene sheet protected by a 10mm mortar layer and coordinate floor waterproofing works with the porcelain tiles installer. 

1.7.3. Testing shall be before and after the installation of tiles.

1.8. Ceramic Floors Tiling Works Methodology 

1.8.1. Apply tile adhesive to the wall at the required thickness.

1.8.2. Tiles shall be placed according to the level shown in the drawing and shall be placed firmly with the help of a rubber mallet.

1.8.3. Remove and reset for solid bearing tiles that give a hollow sound when tapped with a steel rod, after installation.

1.8.4. Tiles shall be laid level or enough falls in wet areas as may be required.

1.8.5. Particular care shall be taken in wet areas to prevent low spots and pooling of water.

1.8.6. The tiles shall be neatly cut, and grind rough on exposed edges around pipes & other obstructions.

1.8.7. Make provision for floor drains as per approved shop drawings.

1.8.8. Silicon rubber sealant shall be inserted between tiles and sanitary fittings.

1.8.9. When the installation has hardened sufficiently (after 48 hours) a thick grout of cement mixed with a minimum amount of water/approved grout shall be prepared and brushed over the floor until all the joints are thoroughly filled.

1.8.10. Surplus material shall be removed with a dry cloth.

1.8.11. Control Joints

1.8.12. Provide Control Joints 6 millimeters minimum width in large tile areas at a maximum of 4.5 meters in each direction and at the perimeter walls. Do not saw-cut joints after installing tiles.

1.8.13. Movement joints shall be located as required and be carried through the backing to the structural wall, partially filled with strip, and finished flush with sealant. 

1.8.14. The joint width shall be 2 millimeters or as mentioned in the approved shop drawings. Joints to be true to the line, continuous, and without steps.

1.8.15. The completed tile floor should keep traffic in the area for at least 24 hours. If traffic is unavoidable, board walkways shall be used for traffic to avoid damage to floors and to keep the floor clean.

1.8.16. Apply 2 coats of sealer finish to flooring and stairs. 

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