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Thursday, July 15, 2021

Risk Assessment for Fit-Out Work

1. Scope of Risk Assessment 

The objective of this fit out Risk Assessment is to provide relevant information to guide and assist contractors, tenants, site engineer/supervisors and their designers, architects and fit-out contractors to make sure accomplishment and fulfillment of fit-out works safely, and as per all building standards which are applied locally and internationally or where your business exists.

The facility occupants will remain entirely accountable for compliance with the provisions of this manual and are therefore advised to read its contents carefully.

The facility occupants must make sure that proper risk assessment is conducted by the competent assessor and a copy of this Risk Assessment is provided to their architects, designers, engineers and contractors to make sure that all design and fit-out works are undertaken following the proper instructions and risks addressed in the risk assessment. 

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2. Activities

  1. Hand tools
  2. Power tools
  3. Working at height
  4. Site temporary electricity
  5. Material Handling & Storage
  6. Painting
  7. Housekeeping
  8. Fire alarm
  9. Mishandling
  10. Modification of Fire
  11. alarm / Firefighting
  12. System due to revised
  13. layouts
  14. Site Security
  15. Welding, cutting, grinding works

3. Hazard

  1. Use of unsafe / damaged /worn-out power tools, device or machinery.
  2. Using ladders, scaffolds / mobile towers, MEWPs
  3. Heavy, unstable loads,
  4. unorganized storage. 
  5. Overloaded sockets, trailing cables, tripping hazard
  6. Heavy, unstable loads, unorganized storage.
  7. Splashback, fumes, flammable substance
  8. False alarm, automatic fire fighting system activation
  9. Isolation of Fire alarm /
  10. Sprinkler system without approval/ work permit from Municipality
  11. The in-secured site, material Uncontrolled personnel access
  12. Hot works, open flames, sparks

4. Risk

  1. Personal injuries to operatives.
  2. Hand injuries, cuts, bruises, eye injuries, other bodily injuries.
  3. Personal injuries to operatives. Electric shock, burns, bruises, eye injuries. 
  4. Other various bodily injuries.
  5. Fire risk due to damaged tools with exposed cables / short circuits.
  6. Personal injuries/fatality due to falling from height.
  7. Physical injuries to others due to falling objects, material or tools from height. 
  8. Collapse to elevated work platforms due to uneven surface.
  9. Fire risk due to short circuit, 
  10. Personal injuries to operatives due to tripping, 
  11. Cable damages due to lying unorganized on floor.
  12. Back injuries due to lifting of heavy material. Storage material blocking the emergency exits.  Slip, trip, fall hazards.
  13. Operatives getting paint splashed into their eyes. Health issues due to fumes inhalation. Risk of fire.
  14. Personal injuries to due slipping, tripping and falls. The presence of unwanted material increases the risk of fire.
  15. Theft of material, arson Personal injuries, fatality, property damage due to fire.

5. Control Measures

  1. Inspection of all hand tools to be carried out by the site supervisor before the start of any activity on site. Daily planned and random inspections to be conducted by the operatives/site supervisors.
  2. before the start of the day job and report the damaged tools to supervisor. Use proper PPE. Damaged tools to be removed from the site immediately. No makeshift tools to be used.
  3. Pre uses visual inspection for damage/defects to tools, cables, plugs - defective tools to be taken out of use immediately. Proper Health and safety Training to be provided to all operatives/employees/technicians using the power tools. 
  4. Erection of scaffolds / mobile tower shall be done by 3rd   party trained /certified scaffolders only. Tool’s lanyards to be provided to operatives working at height. 
  5. Proper housekeeping shall be maintained above and be the work platforms. 
  6. Full body harness shall be worn at all times while working at height to avoid any severe physical and fatal injuries.
  7. The 3rd party certified MEWPs shall be used and only trained operators shall be allowed to operate. Weather conditions (severe rain, thunderstorm or heat) to be monitored while working outdoors.
  8. Site electricity to be distributed using proper DB which shall be fitted with ELCB. Electrical or other installation cables to be routed away from aisles and walkways. Exposed cables shall be protected properly. Only industrial sockets shall be used.
  9. Proper lifting techniques to be adopted by all operatives who are involved in manual handling through toolbox talks 
  10. Use safety goggles, hand gloves, mask etc. while doing the painting job. Area to be kept ventilated. All flammable material to be used in a controlled manner.
  11. Continuous housekeeping shall be maintained at all times. Controlled issuance of flammable material for the site to be ensured. Adequate firefighting arrangements shall be ensured.
  12. Strict instructions to all operatives during toolbox talk about the importance of fire alarm and life safety system devices.
  13. Strict coordination with building maintenance department/landlord through work permits system in case any isolation / shut down of building life safety systems is required. Certified/trained firefighters shall be provided for the duration of system shutdown.
  14. The site to be secured at all times. No unauthorized access allowed on site.
  15. Permit to work system to be put in place to ensure control over hot works. All hot work permit requests shall be submitted to Municipality for approval at least 24 hours before the planned works on site.

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Risk Assessment for Fit-Out Work

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