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Sunday, January 31, 2021

January 31, 2021

Method Statement for Lifting Operations

 1.0 Purpose

The general purpose is to ensure that a Safe System of Work (SSOW) applies to the risks associated with lifting, moving, and lower pipes, concrete rings etc. Each activity has been carefully considered and appropriate controls implemented. The specific purpose of this Method Statement procedure is to describe the method of lifting, moving, and lower pipes, concrete rings

2.0 Objective

This method statement is critical to the health and safety (H&S) of the activity it relates to. It is too followed and adhered, any deviation or changes must be first authorized by the site supervisor

3.0 Scope

We [Your Organization/Company Name] will be using a [Crane/Heavy Lifting Machinery] to lift, move, and lower pipes, concrete rings etc. for the construction of [Name of Work/Task], or systems.  The excavations will be up to 5.0 meters deep in some of the areas.

4.0 Quality of Installation

Quality of installation and materials at the site will be ensured by the project team consisting of a Project Manager, Project Engineers, QA/QC engineer and the site Supervisor. All the installation at the project will be according to the project specification. applicable standards and /or industry norms. All installation work shall factually adopt and carried out as per the Manufacturer's/Client's Consultant's Health & Safety recommendations for handling and use of the materials/substance. Main Contractor/Sub-Contractor/Third party shall ensure that all workers are aware of the applicable H&S requirements.

5.0 Risk Assessment

Before proceedings to any lifting work, Risk hazard Identification to be conducted for the particular lifting operation. This required to be done for every lifting operation activity/work. If a series of similar operations are to be undertaken one RA may be sufficient, but check carefully that something critical has not changed, for example, if the size and/or weight of the load is much greater than for the previous lift then a new RA will need to be undertaken.

This method statement provides a generic safe system of work for lifting operations, but the specific hazards of the work, as determined by the risk assessment, will have to be added if not already covered here.

6.0 Equipment

Before any lifting operation, ensure that the relevant safety checks have been undertaken on the [Crane/Heavy Lifting Machinery] and any other equipment being used:

  • Leather Gloves
  • Hard Hat
  • Goggle Glass
  • Dust Mask
  • First Aid Kit
  • Two-way radio
  • Measuring equipment

7.0 Qualifications, Experience, Information

  • The Project Manager (PM) will supervise the entire lifting operations. Both Site Managers/Project Engineer must be experienced in using a [Crane/Heavy Lifting Machinery] and have the relevant and current qualification and certification. For every lifting task, one competent person must assigned/allocated the role of Lift Manager and take accountability for the Risk assessment/hazard Identification and gives instructions for the lifting operation.
  • Only qualified workers will be allowed to use of mechanical tools and equipment.
  • After Risk assessment/hazard Identification has been accomplished and details added to this method statement, all workers involved in the lifting operation will be inducted on the work; given details of the Risk assessment & Method Statement (RAMS), and any other information they required.

Make Sure that the Lifting Tackle:

  1. Is appropriate for the task?
  2. Will fit the lifting lugs and/or holes on the rings, pipes and biscuits is accurately and properly secured?
  3. Is rated for the force that will be strived during the lift operation?
  4. Is properly adjusted so that the angle at which the wires/chains/bars are working is appropriate for the lift and is not leading to forces greater than the tackle can bear?
  5. Has appropriate blocks and shackles etc. where needed?
  6. Is undamaged and in good condition?
  7. Has been tested and certified within the past 6 months?

Load

The Site Lift Supervisor must make sure that the load can be safely lifted, carried and lowered by the [Crane/Heavy Lifting Machinery]. The load must be within the safe lifting load and a safe working load of the [Crane/Heavy Lifting Machinery]. The lift supervisor will need to be sure that the [Crane/Heavy Lifting Machinery] can carry the load at the jib extension that will be required for the lift, moving and lowering, remembering that the larger the load the further out the jib will have to move.  And larger here also means heavier.

Make Sure That the Load Itself Is:

  1. Secured and evenly balanced
  2. Not obstruct the operation of the [Crane/Heavy Lifting Machinery]
  3. Guided by handling ropes if necessary, so that it does not swing

Travelling

The Lift Supervisor must make sure that the route to be taken by the [Crane/Heavy Lifting Machinery]

with the load is:

  1. Level enough for the load to be carried safely firm enough to bear the combined weight of the [Crane/Heavy Lifting Machinery].
  2. Load unobstructed wide enough for the load and [Crane/Heavy Lifting Machinery] to pass through easily 
  3. Not near to excavations which could collapse under the weight of the [Crane/Heavy Lifting Machinery] and load.

Workers

The Lifting Forman must make sure that the workforce involved in the lifting Operation:

  1. Understand their role
  2. Are competent to undertake that role
  3. Have appropriate PPE, including high viz vests
  4. Are not required to be positioned where the [Crane/Heavy Lifting Machinery] or load is a hazard for them

8.0 Health & Safety Hazards

Before commencing any lifting, moving work, the team shall strictly follow as per the Manufacturer’s/ Client’s / Consultant’s Health & Safety recommendations for handling and use of the materials and ensure all involved personnel shall be aware of the same. The general safety guidelines are given below:

  1. Ensure the work area is safe & clean.
  2. All employees shall adopt safe working practices.
  3. Safety equipment (Safety helmet, safety shoes, coveralls, gloves, goggles, face mask as applicable) to be worn at all times.
  4. When working at a high level, the appropriate safety harness shall be used and secured whilst working-extra care shall be taken whilst using tools at a high level to prevent dropping.
  5. Ensure sufficient lighting is available during all stages of installation & testing.
  6. Report all accidents no matter how small to the Safety Officer on duty.
  7. Ensure any electrical isolation permit is obtained if required, for installation any electrical equipment, panel, cable, wires and accessories. 

9.0 Responsibilities

Project Manager

  • Project Manager shall be responsible for overall project execution.
  • He will coordinate with the client and head office.
  • He is responsible for progress monitoring, attending review meeting and resource management.
  • Overall, he will be responsible for the timely completion of the project following all contractual requirements.

Project Engineer

  • Lifting, moving, are carried out according to the specifications and approved method statement.
  • Provision of all necessary information and distribution of responsibilities to his Lifting team in consultation with the Lifting manager.
  • The work progress is monitored following the required program and reports the same to the Lifting Manager.
  • The implementation of any request that might be raised by the Consultant.
  • Allocation of manpower, materials and equipment’s in consultation with Lifting Manager also monitoring their timely supply at the Lifting location.

Supervisor

  • The carrying-out the work and the proper distribution of all the available resources in coordination with the Site Engineering daily.
  • Daily reports of the works are achieved and coordinated for future planning with the site Engineer.
  • Incorporate all the QC and Safety requirements as requested by the concerned Engineer.
  • Meeting with any type of unforeseen incident or requirement.

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January 31, 2021

Risk Register

Following are the possible hazards and their control measures that will help you to prepare your site's RISK REGISTER, and to minimize the hazards to their ALRP level. for more free health and safety documents such as, risk assessments, method statements, training PPT's, health and safety guidelines, JSA's & JHA's, incident & accident reports, HSE inspection & Observation reports, building fabric/civil reports, QHSE audit reports and many more templates and prepared formats, Visit our blog regularly and follow the blog to stay updated with all uploads.

Hazards Identified

  1. Use of damaged electrical equipment or machine resulting in electrocution
  2. Use of chemicals
  3. Resulting in spillage/contact with skin & eyes (Causing Irritation)
  4. Tripping from electrical cables
  5. Absence of PPE results in injury or bruises
  6. Step ladder failure/Broken
  7. Resulting in bone fracture and injury
  8. Falling Objects from a ladder resulting in head injury/concussion
  9. Fall due to staff overreaching/stretching from a ladder resulting in injury, bones fracture
  10. Slipping off a step ladder
  11. Resulting in serious injury
  12. Overhead or exposed power cables above the ladder
  13. Resulting in electrocution/fatality.
  14. Lifting heavy items on the step ladder
  15. Resulting in back strain and musculoskeletal injuries
  16. Unsafe Ladder transport
  17. Resulting in property damage or serious injury
  18. Unauthorized use of step ladder
  19. Resulting in property damage or injury
  20. Gas Cylinders Storage (GCS) causes an explosion, Sudden Gas, and exposure to cylinder contents suffering manual handling (agronomical) injury.
  21. Hazardous/Flammable
  22. Substances Storage
  23. Resulting in Fire,
  24. explosion, the release of the toxic substance, the release of a corrosive substance.
  25. Fire in case of poor electrical sockets, connection, or installation.
  26. Falling objects from height, ceiling, or storage cabinets in case not secured, poorly installed, or Sited too high/overloaded
  27. Improper Housekeeping in rest areas & storeroom resulting in the slip, trip, and fall
  28. Manual Handling
  29. Resulting in back pain, strain, etc.
  30. Disposing Hazardous Chemicals
  31. Hygiene and Potential contact with biohazard waste
  32. Not carrying Hand tools/Sharp tools
  33. Properly and resulting in falling or slipping out of hands
  34. Paint Splashing back causing eyes, skin irritation, and stains on clothes
  35. Staff inhaling fumes emitted by paints/chemicals
  36. Unsafe or improper use of Power tools etc. (Hilti machine) causing property damage or injury
  37. Vibration/Noise/Dust during equipment usage.
  38. Jobs related to Confined Space or Hot Work (Cutting, Mixing, Grinding)
  39. Use of flammable chemicals in the workplace
  40. Tools or machinery
  41. With fault or inadequate guarding resulting in personal injury
  42. Inadequate Lighting Levels / Dark areas affecting job
  43. Use of extension leads resulting in tripping, overloading, and external use.
  44. A fall from a height while working at Mobile Scaffolding resulted in a fatality, personal injury, and property damage.
  45. Contact with overhead objects/electrocutions while working at Mobile Scaffolding
  46. Work in extreme weather conditions at Mobile Scaffolding.
  47. Overturning of Mobile Scaffolding
  48. Using Scaffold in Traffic/Vehicle maneuvering area
  49. Use of defective mobile scaffold

Control Measures

  • Electrical items are not to be handled with wet hands.
  • The person using electrical equipment must be competent.
  • Electrical equipment’s/machines must be inspected before use for worn-out cables or connections.
  • All electrical equipment/machines to be PAT tested
  • Staff must be given toolbox talk on safe chemical handling before commencing the job
  • COSHH cards or SDS must be available at the site
  • Appropriate PPE (Hand gloves, nose mask, etc.) must be in place
  • The chemical container must be in good condition and labeled properly
  • No cables to be trailed across doorways/pathways.
  • Extension cables to be used where needed.
  • Appropriate warning signage to be used at work.
  • Staff must be briefed on the benefits of wearing PPE and appropriate PPE to be given to employees before commencing the job.
  • Step ladders used for the intended purpose must be of correct length and strength.
  • Step ladder must be inspected before use.
  • Defective step ladders must be labeled to indicate they are not for use and defect must be reported immediately to the Supervisor or Manager.
  • A safe working area is cordoned off around the stepladder and signage is used as appropriate.
  • Belt holsters or belt hooks are used for carrying tools up/down stepladders.
  • Heavy items are not to be carried up stepladders.
  • Work activities are monitored for compliance with any Permits to Work in place.
  • Stepladders to be placed close to work/activity/object to be inspected/moved/avoid staff overreaching.
  • Stepladders to be secured when appreciable side force is needed to do the work.
  • Work activities are monitored for compliance with any Permits to Work in place
  • Pre-use ladder inspections must be in place.
  • Stepladders must always be locked into the correct position.
  • Stepladder to be only used on the level floor surface.
  • Stepladders must not be used on stairs, slippery or unsafe floor surfaces.
  • Stepladders should not be propped against a wall.
  • Inspection of the area to be made to identify any electrical hazards / overhead power cables.
  • Live supplies to be isolated where necessary.
  • Aluminum stepladders are not to be used where an electrical hazard exists.     
  • Long stepladders to be lifted by two or more persons.
  • Heavy items should not be carried on stepladders.
  • Step ladder must be transported horizontally by two persons always
  • Stepladders carried on vehicles must be adequately supported to avoid sagging and tied to each support point to minimize movement.
  • Pre-use ladder inspections must be undertaken.
  • Defective Stepladders to be labeled to indicate that they are not to be used and defect to be reported to the supervisor/Manager.
  • Where the possibility of unauthorized usage exists stepladders must be chained/locked to a secure, fixing point.

Gas Cylinders Must Suitably Segregate:

1. Incompatible gasses must be stored apart.

2. Empty and full gas cylinders must be stored apart.

Gas Cylinder Stores Must:

  • Be well ventilated
  • Be sheltered from indirect heating.
  • Be free from naked flame.
  • Be secured to prevent unauthorized entry and access to the cylinders.
  • Gas cylinders must be stored in an upright position and secured in trolleys and chains so that they cannot fall over.
  • Hazardous substances are to be stored according to the guidance in the COSHH assessment or Material Safety Data Sheet provided by the supplier
  • Hazardous/Flammable Substances must be stored in a ventilated area or in ventilated cabinets
  • Hazardous substances must be in the original container with labels and hazard warnings.
  • Minimize the amount of storage and use of hazardous substances.
  • Dry Powder or CO2 fire extinguishers are to be kept in a place where hazardous chemicals are stored.
  • Authorized personnel to access store or cupboard
  • All broken or poor electrical sockets must be rectified.
  • All Staff to be briefed for immediate actions in case of fire referring to fire emergency procedures.
  • Items must be properly secured or fixed in place.
  • Shelves must not be overloaded.
  • Storage must be organized with heavy objects at lower levels.
  • Restricted access to authorized persons.
  • Controlled limits of items stored.
  • Rubbish to be removed regularly.
  • Recycling bins to be provided and used.
  • Staff to be briefed about the dangers of manual handling and instructed to assess the load before handling.
  • Staff to wear appropriate PPE.
  • Minimize repetitive bends and ensure to take regular breaks.
  • In the case of heavyweight, more than one staff or mechanical aid is to be used.
  • Staff to be given training on safe handling and disposing of hazardous chemicals.
  • Staff to wear appropriate PPE at all times when disposing of hazardous chemicals to avoid contact with skin, eyes, or inhalation of fumes or vapors.
  • All hazardous chemicals are to be disposed of as per local regulations.
  • Staff to be given training on safe handling and disposing of biohazard waste.
  • Staff to wear appropriate PPE (Hand gloves)
  • Staff to wash hands and forearms before eating, drinking, and going to the toilet.
  • Staff to cover any cut or wound and not expose to avoid infection
  • Proper toolbox or bag to be provided to carry hand tools/sharp tools.
  • Staff to be given orientation/training before commencing the job by the Supervisor
  • Staff to carry out safe work practice
  • Staff to be given cover all and safety goggles to protect their skin and eyes.
  • Staff to be given orientation/training before commencing of the job by Supervisor.
  • Proper ventilation to be provided in the working area
  • Staff to be provided with nose mask
  • Staff to be fully trained in safe use and handling.
  • Equipment to be checked before each use to ensure that there are no defects in the cable (electric), casing, plug or chuck, etc.
  • The operator will make sure that there is enough room to move comfortably around the material being worked on and that the material is securely clamped where necessary and possible.
  • If drilling into walls, the user will check for hidden cables, water pipes, etc., and if present re-plan work.
  • If working at height, the area to be cordoned off and warning signs erected
  • Suitable gloves, goggles, ear defenders, and a dust mask to be provided to employees when using the equipment.
  • Dust generated to be removed and disposed of appropriately ASAP.
  • In case of any need for hot work or access to confined space, a permit to work shall be issued &/or a risk assessment shall be provided by HSE/QA & QC Dept. 
  • All sources related to fire hazards must be removed before using flammable chemicals in the workplace.
  • The workplace must have proper ventilation or appropriate temperature before using flammable chemicals.
  • Safety Guards must Never remove.
  • Low voltage tools to be used
  • Equipment must visually be checked before
  • use
  • Defective equipment must not be used and reported to the supervisor/Manager
  • Portable lighting or helmet with the fixed torch to be used if lighting levels become inadequate
  • Ensure sufficient sockets are provided and do not overload sockets.
  • Use extension leads and adaptors only when necessary to ensure they are of a suitable length (preferably no longer than 2 meters) and rated high enough for the job.
  • Use of cable covers where cables are a trip hazard
  • Work in progress signage to be in place.
  • RCD (Residual Current Device) to be used whenever equipment is used externally.
  • Test RCD regularly to check that its mechanism is free and functioning
  • Ensure the platform is fully boarded out and guard rails and toe-boards are in place.
  • Mobile scaffolds must only be used on firm surfaces in case the ground is soft, and adequate support must be provided.
  • The gap between toe-boards and mid-guard-rails, and between mid and top guard rails, must not exceed 470 mm unless otherwise stated by the manufacturer.
  • Never climb up the outside of a mobile scaffold – use the stairway or ladder on the inside. Unless the ladder is designed outside
  • Follow manufacturer’s instructions on base to height ratio.
  • Don’t pull the mobile scaffold along while standing on it.
  • Once on the mobile scaffold platform use a full-body harness and properly connect it to the scaffold body 
  • When moving mobile scaffolds s ensure there are no potholes, obstructions, or overhead power lines in the way.
  • When working, ensure the access hatch is closed on the platform (if any).
  • Working outdoor using a mobile scaffold is not allowed in case of a heavy storm, or rain. In summer work outdoor directly under the sun is not allowed (midday break rule)
  • Check wheels for effective rotation
  • Check brakes and locking devices
  • Ensure that the surface on which the mobile scaffold will be erected is even, rigid, and will cope with the scaffold load plus the people and material that will be placed on it.
  • Don’t move mobile scaffold on ramps
  • In case of the use of mobile scaffold for various work tasks in vehicles traffic areas then warning tape and traffic cones shall be placed to warn drivers and if required a flagman who is wearing a high reflective jacket shall be positioned to warn drivers
  • Ensure that all parts of MS are in good physical and operational condition. If any part of the scaffold is found to be defective it shall be replaced otherwise MS shall never be used
  • Once the scaffold is erected then put a green tape or tag on it to indicate it is safe to be used, but if it is not ready yet then put a red tape/tag. These colors shall be communicated and explained to all those who might use the Mobile scaffold.

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Risk Register    


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Thursday, January 28, 2021

January 28, 2021

Method Statement for Lifting Moving and Shifting Material at Site Activities

1. Purpose

The general purpose is to make sure that a Safe System of Work (SSOW) applies to Lifting, Moving and Shifting Material at Site activities; this is the ideal way to prove that the risk associated with a Lifting, Moving and Shifting Material at Site Activities have been carefully considered and appropriate controls implemented.

2.0 Objective

This method statement is critical to the health and safety of the activity it relates to. It is to follow and adhered, any deviation or changes must be first authorized by the site supervisor.

3.0 Scope

Scope of this method of statement is to “Lifting, Moving and Shifting Material at Site activities”. The scopes of this Method off Statement cover and comply with the local authority requirement.

4.0 Responsibilities 

The Project Manager/Site Engineer/Forman is the overall accountable man for the process implementation of the works. The Project Manager/Site Engineer/Forman will be answerable for all construction/MEP activities at the worksite and will directly monitor and supervise through erection supervisor/skilled workmen the work at the site.

The Worksite Engineer will be accountable for arranging and controlling the inspection and testing of all project/site activities. Moreover, it is the responsibility of all individuals assigned on various activities in the project to take great care to en­sure their personal safety and that of their work colleagues.

5.0 Health & Safety Hazards

Before commencing any work, the team shall strictly follow as per the Manufacturer’s/ Client’s / Consultant’s Health & Safety recommendations for handling and use of the materials and ensure all involved personnel shall be aware of the same.

The general safety guidelines are given below:

  1. Ensure the work area is safe & clean.
  2. All employees shall adopt safe working practices.
  3. Safety equipment (Safety helmet, safety shoes, coveralls, gloves, goggles, face mask as applicable) to be worn at all times.
  4. When working at a high level, the appropriate safety harness shall be used and secured whilst working-extra care shall be taken whilst using tools at a high level to prevent dropping.
  5. Ensure sufficient lighting is available during all stages of installation & testing.
  6. Report all accidents no matter how small to the Safety Officer on duty.
  7. Ensure any electrical isolation permit is obtained if required, for installation any electrical equipment, panel, cable, wires and accessories. 

6.0 Pre-Lift Tasks Initiatives (LTI)

  1. A level area will be cleared for the standing of the mobile crane and trailer. Existing under­ ground services and ground conditions will be considered before the positioning of the mo­bile crane and trailer at the entrance area and place of its working.
  2. Before standing and rigging of the crane on the project site, the HSE Officer will be responsible for ensuring that plant checklist is accomplished and that copies of all relevant documentation are attached to this lifting plan.
  3. Where any non-conformance or defect is evident then the crane will be stood down, the lifting opera­tion will be cancelled and immediately informed to the main contractor.
  4. Lifting Plan will be briefed toolbox talk (TBT) before the proceedings of lifting operations and third parties involved in the activity.
  5. The lifting area will be designated "Authorized Personnel Only" and will be defined and signage is­ displayed to ensure that no unauthorized personnel can access entry to the lifting area.

7.0 Lifting of Material Procedure with Mobile Crane Machinery (MCM)

  1. Equipment will be delivered at the site by the trailer and offload and positioning from trailer shall be done by using a suitable mobile crane in coordination with the leading contractor. A designated earth balanced area will be identified, agreed with the main contractor and cleared for the positioning of mobile crane and trailer before the lift­ing and unloading task.
  2. Outrigger mats, or suitable timbers, will be positioned under outriggers. The hydraulic outriggers will be extended over mats and the crane levelled. The crane's boom will be raised and telescoped to the re­ choired length. The Automatic Safe Load Indicator or in short terms as “ASLI” will be examined properly for correct operation.
  3. The sequence of rigging will be following the manufacturer's recommendations, which will be strictly adhered to all times. Only one equipment to be lifted one at the time. The stingers / banksman will attach chain sling from crane hook point, hook block. The bank's man will attach 2 No's web slings with equipment and chain sling hook.
  4. Guide ropes/Tag lines will be attached by the helpers to prevent the swinging of the load. Once it is confirmed by the Banksman / slinger that the load is level, the lift will commence to the required posi­tion under the strict guidance of the Banksman. The Banksman is to be visible to the crane operator at all times. If the crane operator is not able to see the banksman; then the operator is to stop the lift immediately. One certified banksman/signaler will be appointed to control the crane movements and lifting operation and hand signals from other personnel will not be permitted and must be ignored.
  5. Ensure that set down area is clear where the load is going to be offloaded. All workers and or visitors remain clear of the load at all times until the load is at waist level. Proper tag lines must be used to prevent swinging of the load. The slinger will stand in a secure position, where they are because of both the load and the crane operative. Each signal will be distinct and clear. Release lifting tackle, hoist clear and repeat until complete. On the accomplishment of lifting operations, all lifting equipment and machinery are to be removed safely and stored properly.

8.0 Lifting of Material Procedure with the Forklift Truck Vehicle (FTV)

  1. Safe Access and Egress (SAE) for the route of the forklift will be determined. Access will be free of obstructions and be properly maintained. The Forklift utilized for the task should be rated for a safe working load capacity to lift off. The lifting material will be appropriately tied up to make sure it is secure and on a pallet.
  2. The Forklift operator will only commence movement of the Forklift to the pickup area under the guid­ance of the Banksman. Signals must be clear correct and understood by all personnel involved in the work activity. The Forklift Vehicle operator will only take instruction and direction from the assigned competent and accountable Banksman; no other personnel are to provide guidance or instruction.
  3. The banksman will stand in a secure visible position at all times, where they are because of both the load and the forklift truck operative. Each signal by the banksman will be distinct and clear. The Forks on the forklift truck will be adjusted to give maximum support to the load being lifted. The forklift operator will insert the forks under the load with the guidance of the banksman.
  4. The load will be lifted until the Forks take the load weight, whilst not lifting it off the ground, to en­sure that the load is level. Once it verified by the Forklift operative that the material being lifted or shifted is properly level, the lift will commence to the required position under the strict guidance of the Banksman. Forks for the for forklifts vehicle will be tilted backwards during all load and or materials handling/shifting to ensure maximum stability of the load being moved.
  5. The load will then be moved to the agreed location i.e., plant room/plinth under the strict guidance of the Banksman. Safety cones will be installed, including barrier tape, to prohibit unauthorized personals/visitors’ entry into the loading/work area. The load/material or other objects will be lifted to the height of the plinth/location and gradually moved forward and get in position to the final placement with strict guidance of banks man. Once the load placed in the designated and assigned position; the forks will be released. If supports and or shock absorbers are needed to be inserted under the equipment, this must be done before the load being laid down (offered) to the final position. The accountable supervisors will coordinate with the banksman for the Final positioning of the equipment whilst the forklift in use.

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Method Statement for Lifting, Moving and Shifting Material at Site Activities


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Wednesday, January 27, 2021

January 27, 2021

Method Statement for Installation and Inspection of Firefighting & Sprinkler System

1.0 Purpose

The general purpose is to ensure that a Safe System of Work (SSOW) applies to all work activities, as such this is the exemplar way to prove that the risk associated with a specific activity has been carefully considered and appropriate controls implemented. The specific purpose of this Method Statement procedure is to describe the method of installation and inspection of the Sprinkler System (SS).

2.0 Objective

This method statement is critical to the health and safety (H&S) of the activity it relates to. It is too followed and adhered to, any deviation or changes must be first authorized by the site supervisor

3.0 Scope

This method statement for firefighting system covers the below activities:

This Method Statement procedure highlights the installation and inspection of the Fire Fighting & Sprinkler System (FASS).

4.0 Quality of Installation

Quality of installation and materials at the site will be ensured by the project team consisting of a Project Manager, Project Engineers, QA/QC engineers and the site Supervisor. All the installation at the project will be according to the project specification. applicable standards and /or industry norms. All installation work shall be factually adopted and carried out as per the Manufacturer's/Client's Consultant's Health & Safety recommendations for handling and use of the materials/substance. Main Contractor/Sub-Contractor/Third party shall ensure that all workers are aware of the applicable H&S requirements.

5.0 Equipment

  • Drilling Machine12” 
  • Grinding Machine
  • Pulls Spring
  • Welding Machine
  • Steel Tape Measure
  • Tone Generator
  • Screw Driver Test Pen
  • Screw Driver ((Flay and Cross))
  • Insulation Tape
  • Multitier Metter
  • Angle Grinder
  • Hammer Drills
  • Hammer ((Small))
  • Chisel
  • Air Blower
  • Knife
  • Players
  • Cutting Players
  • Scaffolding
  • Ladder
  • Leather Gloves
  • Hard Hat
  • Goggle Glass
  • Dust Mask
  • First Aid Kit
  • Soldering Gun
  • Two-way radio
  • Clamp Metter
  • Measuring equipment
  • Hack saw
  • Threading Machine
  • Pipe wrenches & Spanners, etc.
  • The following Tools and Equipment will be used for Fire Fighting System Installation:

6.0 Storage and Handling Equipment

The pipes for the testing and installation of the Firefighting Sprinkler will be stacked in the workplace site store on a balanced/levelled surface at a recommended height of not more than 1.7m. From the bottom layer of the pipe’s stacking, fittings will be distinctly packed and stored as per the sizes recommended and required for the ongoing installation project. All open ends of installation pipes will be covered properly to protect from external matter, dirt, debris oil contamination, etc.

7.0 General Piping Installation Guidelines

  • Firefighting pipework shall be installed following the piping general arrangements and their supporting drawings, specifications and schedules.
  • Installation of pipework shall be carried out under conditions satisfactory to the consultant. All firefighting work conducted and accomplished will be as per the approval of the consultant.
  • Scheduling of work to carry out the installation of pipework shall be agreed upon and to the satisfaction of the main contractor and shall be co-coordinated with the work schedules of other all stakeholders such as trades, disciplines involved in the overall construction work.

8.0 Responsibilities

  • Ensuring that all the preparation and application works are conducted as per the contract scope of work and Manufacturer’s SDS.
  • Ensuring that the advancement of works is accomplished according to the pre-planned program and according to the approved method statement.
  • Ensuring that all the equipment, devices, machinery, material or substances needed for executing the work are available as per the pre-planned construction program.
  • Make sure to coordinate with the Main Contractor and sub-contractor, MEP Coordinator & HSE Personal for the safe and appropriate execution of the work.
  • To provide all the essential information and to the distribution of responsibilities to the construction team.
  • The Supervisor Will be Responsible for the following:
  • The Supervisor/Forman will accomplish his duties by maintaining regular coordination with the project engineer/line manager on daily basis. Furthermore, to ensure proper distribution of the workforce in the required and planned designated locations.
  • To provide to the project engineer a day-to-day progress report highlighting the activities gained and discuss with him the planned activities for the next day.
  • Ensuring that the day-to-day work is progressing as planned and advising the MEP/Construction project engineer of any requirement for additional resources.
  • Strongly to be aware of test frequencies regarding the pipework and Hydrostatic.
  • To handle the disposal of waste materials regarding the instruction received by the project engineer/line manager.
  • To ensure full coordination with the health and safety specialists to maintain an SSOW and appropriate housekeeping of the worksite, by practising the approved HSE initiatives and further ensuring that all his working team are well aware of the same to prevent severe and fatal accidents and losses.

9.0 Methodology

Installation of Fire Sprinkler System

  • The installation of the Fire Sprinkler System shall be as per the approved shop drawings and recommendations of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 13.
  • FSS installation Pipe’s hangers shall be appropriate spaced at intervals as per the approved shop drawing.
  • The installation of Fire Sprinkler Threaded piping will be made with a standardized and authentic pipe sealing compound (jute and mastic combination methodology) applied on male threads only. The ends of the FSS Installation pipe will be renamed before fitting.
  • Sizes for sizes of pipe 2-Inches and below are made threaded & 2 ½” and above sizes are generally grooved type. The groove for FSS pipes can be cut groove or roll groove.
  • All underground installations of the Fire Sprinkler System will be welded type. All piping coming underground will be wrapped particularly with polyvinyl chloride tape.
  • All Piping must be firmly supported by a combination network consisting of pipe hangers and strong support brackets. Pipe hangers are always used to support the ‘dead load” of the pipe system. The pipe’s installation will be as scheduled.
  • Sprinkler Head Location (SHL) shall be installed following approved system plans and recommended layout.

Installation of Sprinkler Head

  • All the Sprinkler Heads must be installed according to current recommendations of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 13.
  • The system piping must be appropriately sized as per the approved drawings and calculation to make sure the minimum required flow rate at the sprinkler head.
  • Install the Sprinkler Heads after the piping is in place to avoid any mechanical fault or technical malfunction.
  • In case of a thread leak, remove the unit, apply new pipe Thread seal tape, and reinstall.
  • The face of the sprinkler device should be installed a nominal 3/8” to 1” behind the finished ceiling line, a proper adjustment for the sprinkler may be done via the push-on escutcheon plate to compensate for variation in the Installation of the Sprinkler Head.
  • Hand tightens the sprinkler (to protect it from damage) into the fitting using the proper size of the wrench.
  • To install the escutcheon plate, align it with and press it over the sprinkler body until the external edge of the escutcheon meets the mounting surface appropriately.

Installation of Butterfly Valve

  • The Butterfly Valve (BV) should be installed as per the approved drawings by making sure that it is located where it will be easily accessible in case of any operation, inspection and maintenance.
  • During installation make sure that the valve disc does not impede the operation of other Firefighting systems components, if so, immediately adjacent to the butterfly valve.
  • When it is difficult to close the valve and required more force to adjust, it may be due to debris lodged in the sealing area. This may be mitigated by backing off the handwheel and closing it again, several times if required. The valve should never be forced to seat by applying a wrench to the handwheel as this may destruct the valve components.
  • The inlet and outlet piping adjacent to the valve should be appropriately supported to prevent excessive stress on the valve body. The valve should not be used to force a pipeline into position as this may result in misuse/distortion of the valve body.

Installation of Flow Switch

  • The flow switch should be installed as per the approved and recommended drawings where easily accessible during any operation, inspection and maintenance.
  • The Flow Switch (FS) should be/recommended to be mounted on a horizontal or vertical pipe. On Horizontal pipe, they should be installed on the top side of the pipe where flow switches will easily accessible.
  • Drain the system and drill a hole in the pipe by a circular saw with a slow speed drill. The whole size shall not be exceeding from 2-inches.
  • Properly Clean the inside pipe of all growth for a distance equal to the pipe diameter on either side of the hole.
  • Roll the vane so that it may be inserted in the hole properly, do not bend or crease the vane.
  • Insert the Vanes so that the arrow on the saddle points in the direction of the water flow properly.
  • Make installation of the saddle strap and tighten nuts alternately.
  • Avoid the rub of the vane from the inside of the pipe. 

B. The Methodology of Pressure Testing of Piping

SPRINKLER & FIRE FIGHTING SYSTEMS PIPING

  • Method of Testing
  • Plug all the openings
  • Close all the drain valves.
  • Fill pipeline with water avoiding any air column build up. (For this purpose, keep the drain valve at the highest elevation lightly open while filling water when the line is filled with water close the valve)
  • By pressure, the pump pressurizes the line to an acceptable and required pressure, eg, 100 psi. After pressurizing the pipe; wait for 5 minutes, and then again examine and observe all major joints for any visible leak.
  • If the system is normal and operational as intended as per point No. 4, again pressurize the system to 150 psi and wait for another 10 minutes for any drop in pressure or leakage.
  • If the SPRINKLER & FIRE FIGHTING SYSTEMS PIPING is found to be leakproof as per item No. 5 pressurizes the line to the recommended testing pressure level and intact as it is for 2 hrs.

Indication on Fire Alarm Panel (FAP) & Repeater Panel (RP) regarding the zone being operated.

10.0. Health & Safety Hazards

  • Before commencing any work, the team shall strictly follow as per the Manufacturer’s/ Client’s / Consultant’s Health & Safety recommendations for handling and use of the materials and ensure all involved personnel shall be aware of the same. The general safety guidelines are given below:
  • Ensure the work area is safe & clean.
  • All employees shall adopt safe working practices.
  • Safety equipment (Safety helmet, safety shoes, coveralls, gloves, goggles, face mask as applicable) to be worn at all times.
  • When working at a high level, the appropriate safety harness shall be used and secured whilst working-extra care shall be taken whilst using tools at a high level to prevent dropping.
  • Ensure sufficient lighting is available during all stages of installation & testing.
  • Report all accidents no matter how small to the Safety Officer on duty.
  • Ensure any electrical isolation permit is obtained if required, for installation of any electrical equipment, panel, cable, wires and accessories. 

Identified Hazard and Control Measures

Responsibilities

Project Manager

  • The Project Manager shall be responsible for overall project execution.
  • He will coordinate with the client and head office.
  • He is responsible for progress monitoring, attending review meetings and resource management.
  • Overall, he will be responsible for the timely completion of the project following all contractual requirements.

Project Engineer

  • Setting out for installation and commissioning of Fire Alarm and Fire Fighting Systems are carried out according to the specifications, drawings and approved method statement.
  • Provision of all necessary information and distribution of responsibilities to his construction team in consultation with the construction manager.
  • The work progress is monitored following the required program and reports the same to the Construction Manager.
  • The implementation of any request that might be raised by the Consultant.
  • Allocation of manpower, materials and equipment’s in consultation with Construction Manager also monitoring their timely supply at the construction location.

Supervisor

  • The carrying-out of the work and the proper distribution of all the available resources in coordination with the Site Engineering daily.
  • Daily reports of the works are achieved and coordinated for future planning with the site Engineer.
  • Incorporate all the QC and Safety requirements as requested by the concerned Engineer.
  • Meeting with any type of unforeseen incident or requirement.

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MS-FA-Testing and Installation of Firefighting Sprinkler


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Monday, January 25, 2021

January 25, 2021

Method Statement for Fire Alarm Piping Equipment and Accessories Installation

 1 Purpose

The general purpose is to ensure that a safe system of work applies to all work activities; as such this is the ideal way to prove that the risk associated with a particular activity has been carefully considered and appropriate controls implemented.

2.0 Objective

This method statement is critical to the health and safety of the activity it relates to. It is too followed and adhered, any deviation or changes must be first authorized by the site supervisor

3.0 Scope

This method statement for firefighting system covers below activities:

  • Piping system installation
  • Firefighting equipment and accessories installation
  • Installation of pumps
  • Flushing/Cleaning of piping and equipment
  • Installation of fire detection system and accessories


4.0 Quality of Installation

Quality of installation and materials at the site will be ensured by the project team consisting of a Project Manager, Project Engineers, QA/QC engineer and the site Supervisor. All the installation at the project will be according to the project specification. applicable standards and /or industry norms. All installation work shall factually adopt and carried out as per the Manufacturer's/Client's Consultant's Health & Safety recommendations for handling and use of the materials/substance. Main Contractor/Sub-Contractor/Third party shall ensure that all workers are aware of the applicable H&S requirements.

5.0 Equipment

  • Drilling Machine
  • Pulls Spring
  • Steel Tape Measure
  • Tone Generator
  • Screw Driver Test Pen
  • Screw Driver (Flay and Cross)
  • Insulation Tape
  • Multitier Metter
  • Angle Grinder
  • Hammer Drills
  • Hammer (Small)
  • Chisel
  • Air Blower
  • Knife
  • Players
  • Cutting Players
  • Scaffolding
  • Ladder
  • Leather Gloves
  • Hard Hat
  • Goggle Glass
  • Dust Mask
  • First Aid Kit
  • Soldering Gun
  • Two-way radio
  • Clamp Metter
  • Measuring equipment
  • Hack saw
  • Threading Machine
  • Pipe wrenches & Spanners, etc.

6.0 Firefighting Pipe Storage and Handling

  • The installation of pipes will be stacked in the worksite designated store area on a level surface.
  • Fittings for Firefighting will be distinctly packed and stored as per the sizes needed for the project. 
  • All open ends of pipes will be covered appropriately to protect from dirt/debris or rodents etc.

7.0 General Piping Installation Guidelines

  • Firefighting pipework shall be installed following the piping general arrangements and their supporting drawings, specifications and schedules.
  • Installation of pipework shall be carried out under conditions satisfactory to the consultant. All firefighting work conducted and accomplished will as per the approval of the consultant.
  • Scheduling of work to carry out the installation of pipework shall be agreed and to the satisfaction of the main contractor and shall be co-coordinated with the work schedules of other all stakeholders such as trades, disciplines involved in the overall construction work.

8.0 Installation of Firefighting Pipes

Figure-1

  • Make a proper and correct marking to the pipe path by using white chalks as per approved coordination drawings.
  • It is recommended to run all piping as direct as possible, avoiding unwanted offsets and conceal piping in finished rooms. Make tees. bends, reducers etc. connections with standard fittings for full-size branches.
  • All piping will be firmly supported by a combination network consists of pipe hangers and constantly support brackets. Pipe hangers are fixed and utilized to support the "dead load" of the firefighting/other installation for pipe system. Pipe hangers will be adjusted to appropriate space as per the relevant standard/Specification clause and Hanger rod sizes and numbers will comply with the requirement of the respective standard or Specification clause or Manufacture's recommendations.
  • Hanging, bracing, and restraint of fire protection system piping must be performed in maintaining as per the spacing given below.
  • Level the brackets by using the split level. water level etc.
  • Fix the pipe on the brackets and insert the "U" bolts and tight it strongly.
  • Where reinforced structures are holding pipelines or other objects supposed to extreme vibration or noise, rubber vibration isolation blocks should be installed as to safeguard and protect the transmittal of vibration or noise to the environment.

9.0 Threaded Joints

  • Threaded piping will be made with a suitable pipe sealing compound (for example jute and mastic combination) enforced merely on male threads.
  • Ends of pipe will be renamed out before being made up into fittings. joints in threaded steel pipe recommended being compliance as per the British Standard BS 21.
  • All burrs will be removed, pipe ends will be renamed or filed out the size of the bore, and all chips will be removed.

Pipe Fabrications and Installation

  • While making firefighting piping layout and installation in the most beneficial manner possible concerning headroom, proper valve access, appropriate opening and equipment/device/machinery clearance. and clearance for another task peculiar priority and attention will be given to piping in the proximity of the equipment. Preserve the equipment/machinery parts for proper maintenance.
  • Cut all firefighting installation required pipes correctly to measurement determined at the worksite. After cutting the pipedream it and remove all burrs.
  • Install piping neatly, free from unnecessary traps and pockets. Work into place without springing or forcing. Use fittings to make all changes in direction.
  • Make all networking to equipment using flanged joints or unions. Always remember to make reducing connections with reducing fittings only.
  • Remove dirt, sand, rust, lubrication contamination rodents, etc. from the internal side of piping before tying in sections, fitting, valves, equipment or others.

Offsets and Fittings

  • Before the proceedings to install the pipes, carefully investigate the structural stability and finishing conditions affecting the work and take such proper steps as may be needed to meet such conditions.
  • Installation of all firefighting pipes and or others should be close to walls, ceilings and columns to minimize the space occupancy. 
  • Pipework will be installed not closer than 200 mm to electrical conduits, lighting, and power cables. Pipes will be spaced in ducts, ceilings. voids and plant areas, such as adequate access is permitted to any pipe for maintenance or removal without disturbance to the remaining pipework and other services.
  • Couplers, unions and fittings will be screwed up to the reduced depth of the thread, such that no more three­ turns are showing when pulled uptight.
  • Installation of all firefighting pipes and or others should be completely cleaned of rust, sand, dust, rust, lubrication contamination, scale and other external matter before erection and before any primary fill water for hydraulic testing.
  • Before hydraulic testing, all pipework systems including valves, strainers and fittings will be fully washed, such washing of the firefighting piping systems will be carefully and safely accomplished where there are isolation valves or equipment are employing.
  • Any clogging due to external matter or airlock which is observed to disrupt the flow of fluid will be removed, either before or after the systems are in working.
  • Installation of all firefighting pipes and or others will be of the unconventional pattern to make sure appropriate drainage system and the elimination of air pockets wherever mandatory. Increases or decreases in firefighting or other pipe diameters needed to suit pipe fittings, tee-offs and equipment connections will be assemble using taper pieces flanged as needed with taper reduction situated about the axis of the firefighting pipe to facilitate appropriate flow and to permit proper venting and draining of the installation pipes. The angle of the taper of such assembly taper pieces will not be greater than 20 degrees.
  • All firefighting or other pipes installation will be cleaned internally and externally for removal of dust, rust, and debris before painting work. Apply two coat of epoxy anti-corrosive paints on Blipped surface.
  • Finally, apply approved quality Post Office Red paint on the pipes after the hydraulic test and in the final stages.

Underground Steel Pipe Works (Applicable Bl Sch 40 Pipes)

  • Once the pipe fabrication is overall pipes will be cleaned internally and externally for removal of dust and debris before laying them in the trenches.
  • The underground installed parts of firefighting pipes will be firmly wrapped with bitumen tape with 20mm overlapping until the pipe surface is completely wrapped and sealed against atmosphere.
  • Lastly, full wrapped firefighting or other pipes are laid in the trenches for flanged connection with HDPE pipes.

Installation of Firefighting Equipment and Other Relevant Accessories

  • Always check and verify firefighting system’s cabinets are essentially approved size and dimension. Make a proper Inspection for signs of any damage.
  • Make an exact location of these firefighting system’s cabinets as per approved shop drawings and with the careful measure of elevation and plumb.
  • Fix firefighting system’s cabinets using recommended (anchor bolts) bolts. Go ahead with the installation of relevant firefighting accessories such as a valve, landing valves, etc. and taking into consideration of approval for these installations of devices.

Installation of Hose Reel

  • Make the required size holes by using drill machine and insert the Set Anchor bolts on to it Depth of the bore will not exceed 50 mm and bore size would be 1Omm
  • Lock the top anchor bolts as per the manufacture’s recommendations.
  • Insert the Hose Reel's (HR) mounting base into the adjusted anchor bolts and tighten the four nuts to install the Reel firmly. Install the 1-inch Union into Hose Reel and attached it to Pipeline at Fire Hose Reel cabinet.

Installation of Landing Valves

  • Make sure the materials are of the approved quality and free from foreign materials. Physically inspect for cracks and damages.
  • Install threaded type 65mm flange to the Firefighting Riser Pipes (FRP’s). Install the approved quality rubber packing to it.
  • Install the De-pressuring plate between the two flanges and tight the four screws for the secure joint properly. 
  • Outlet height of the Landing valve should be between the 750mm-1000mm from the finished floor level. 
  • Make a Rotation for the lever and examine and check for opening and closing of the shut-off lever.

Installation of Breaching Inlet

  • Locate Breaching inlet cabinet and its accessories as shown on the shop drawing near the appropriate location of the property for Fire brigade to inject water into the system in case of emergency.
  • Installation of Pillar hydrant
  • To ensure that the materials are as per the approved quality and standards and free from external damages.
  • Fix the Rubber packing sheet on to mounting flange of the Pillar hydrant and install/mount the pillar hydrant on the Flange.
  • Embed/insert six Nuts & bolts to mounting base of the hydrant point and tight it strongly. Properly Examine and check the vertical alignment of the hydrant point by using the split leveller.
  • Outlet height of the pillar hydrant point should be within the 750mm -1ooomm from the finished floor level.

Installation of Firefighting Pumps

  • Mark the Pump's mounting places on the pump plinth by using a marker pen.
  • Drill the marked points by using hammer drill machine and insert & lock the anchor bolts firmly.
  • Put/install the Fire Pumps (FP)on the Pump Plinth (PP) and Insert the rubber & anti-vibration mounting pads between the plinths and pump base to minimize the vibration possibility.
  • Check the levels of the pumps (horizontal & vertical) by using the split level. Correct the levels if there is any oblique. Insert the correct size bolts into pumps base and tight it firmly by checking the levels of the pumps.
  • After Installation and or mounting of the pump, make installation of the valves and accessories of suction and delivery appropriately following the approved shop drawings.
  • Always make use of the method statements of joining of pipes, installation of valves for detailed and comprehensive information.
  • Install or lay down the power cables from the Pump Control Panel (PCP) by using the cable tray. Always use method statement of installation of cable tray and installation of cables for detailed information.
  • Inspect and check all the connections, terminations etc. appropriately before conducting the testing. Make a manual rotation for the motor fan and observe for gentle rotation.
  • Get the services of the pump supplier and inspect the alignment of the pump.

Method for Flushing & Cleaning of Piping and Fire Fighting Equipment

  • After the piping is erected, all piping systems including the main header line and branch line will be cleaned to remove ball mill, welding scale, oil, corrosion, and other construction debris.
  • The system will be flush cleaned and filled ready for service immediately after cleaning.
  • Never operate pumps or equipment until debris or clogging has been removed from the respective system has been flushed out.
  • Flush the piping system until all waste or debris or other clogging is removed and clean water comes out.
  • Automatic devices for firefighting & fire alarm or other systems which can become clogged during the cleaning process will be disconnected and will not be connected permanently until the cleaning process is accomplished.

Installation of Fire detection system and accessories

Conducting Works

  • Before commencing the installation, check all materials are of the approved brand. Size and free from technical faults, for example, corrosion, dents etc.
  • The site supervisor will study and counter check the proposed locations of the conduit as shown on the approved shop drawing. Ensure proper coordination with the main contractor and other trades to optimize space allocation.
  • The project engineer/supervisor will arrange the length of conduit needed for installation at the worksite and induct or advice the workforce to prepare these conduits.
  • The installation will be carried out in a planned & timely fashion so as not to delay works by other trades.
  • Technicians will mark the point locations and conduit path by using a permanent marker as shown in the approved shop drawings with the assistance of the supervisor and double-check the dimensions for any corrections.
  • Before doing the installation, make sure that the conduit path coordinates and elevation has been checked and verified by the coordinator/consultant.
  • PVC conduits run in the concrete slab will be tightened to the rebar using binding wires to protect conduits and to keep their location unchanged.
  • All Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) conduit joints will be glued and socketed and only recommended and standard fittings will be used for joining.
  • When the conduits run in-wall, they will be fully concealed by chasing the wall to the required depth and conduits will be kept fully attached to the wall using wire nails.
  • Conduits cutting will always be done by using hacksaw blades.
  • Remove the additional unwanted materials/chips from the joining area before joining of conduits, bends unction boxes etc.
  • Install bends, junction boxes etc. into the conduit using PVC solvent cement and make sure the joint is properly fixed.
  • Place the conduits as per approved shop drawings and bracket the conduit by using Saddles in 2m intervals where exposed conducting is required.
  • Use Flexible conduits in where the rigid conduits not possible to install. Place surface mounted back boxes where itis required.
  • Conduit path should be parallel to the walls, beams and need to be installed in a timely and proper manner. Conduits in the wall will be laid only vertically and horizontally.
  • The physical separation between conduits from High Voltage Supply Lines (HVSL) shall not be less than 300mm.

20.0 Fire alarm Cabling Installation Works

  • Installation if Fire alarm (FA) cables should be carried out following the guidelines below: 
  • Conduits paths should be cleared by using a draw wire before installation of cables. The Fire alarm (FA) cables shall be intact tidy of other services and piping.
  • Working at height platforms such as scaffoldings and ladders to be used during installation shall be erected appropriately to ensure that the health safety of people working on it.
  • When various FA cable runs occur, the cable shall be installed in such ways that crossover of oof installed cables are neglected. The cables shall be sustained at the proper spacing.
  • The Firefighting and or another cable pulling shall always be subjected to Consultants before approval. 
  • Fire alarm (FA) or other cables shall not be bent during installation.

21.0 The practice of Proper Housekeeping for Materials.

  • All firefighting & fire alarm system’s cables shall run from point to point without joints. 
  • Installation of all firefighting cables shall be on Pre-laid conduits, cable trays or cable ladders.
  • Before to prepare wires for pulling, make sure that the wires are essentially and appropriately marked for their circuit number designation. The termination of all firefighting & fire alarm system’s cables shall be performed by a senior FLS technician.
  • Drawing of firefighting & fire alarm systems should be done smoothly and excessive force should not be applied to pull the cables.
  • Once the FA cable is cut to make termination, the work involved shall be accomplished without interruption. If for any reason that the work cannot be accomplished, the FA cable ends shall be sealed promptly with PVC tape.
  • The firefighting & fire alarm system’s cables shall be marked at each end and access points by a label indicating the cable size and circuits. Each group of cables shall be indicated by a separate cable tag.
  • Each firefighting & fire alarm system’s cables shall be provided with a means of proper identification fixed adjacent to the termination at each end. It shall be in the form of a plastic label securely fixed to the ceiling box or tied to the cable and provide details of the cable size, function and cable reference number.
  • The cores of all mains cable shall be individually identified at termination using colours. Where the core insulation is not itself coloured. bonds of self-adhesive PVC tape in the appropriate colour shall be affixed to each core over the insulation.
  • Conduct insulation resistance test and earth continuity test.
  • Central Monitoring (If applicable)
  • Configuring the central monitoring system based on panels configuration
  • Enter the panel, detectors and call point location on the graphics circuit and call point and detectors address 
  • Check the functional test from the central monitoring unit

Reference Documents

  • Contract Specifications 
  • Program of Works
  • Approved Shop-drawing
  • Approved Material Submittal 
  • Local Authority’s Rules (UAE Fire Code) and Regulations
  • National Fire Protection Association (NFPA 72)

22.0 Health & Safety Hazards

Before commencing any work, the team shall strictly follow as per the Manufacturer’s/ Client’s / Consultant’s Health & Safety recommendations for handling and use of the materials and ensure all involved personnel shall be aware of the same.

The general safety guidelines are given below:

  • Ensure the work area is safe & clean.
  • All employees shall adopt safe working practices.
  • Safety equipment (Safety helmet, safety shoes, coveralls, gloves, goggles, face mask as applicable) to be worn at all times.
  • When working at a high level, the appropriate safety harness shall be used and secured whilst working-extra care shall be taken whilst using tools at a high level to prevent dropping.
  • Ensure sufficient lighting is available during all stages of installation & testing.
  • Report all accidents no matter how small to the Safety Officer on duty.
  • Ensure any electrical isolation permit is obtained if required, for installation any electrical equipment, panel, cable, wires and accessories. 

Identified Hazard and Control Measures

Figure-2

23.0 Responsibilities

Project Manager

  • Project Manager shall be responsible for overall project execution.
  • He will coordinate with the client and head office.
  • He is responsible for progress monitoring, attending review meeting and resource management.
  • Overall, he will be responsible for the timely completion of the project following all contractual requirements.

Project Engineer

  • Setting out for installation and commissioning of Fire Alarm and Fire Fighting Systems are carried out according to the specifications, drawings and approved method statement.
  • Provision of all necessary information and distribution of responsibilities to his construction team in consultation with the construction manager.
  • The work progress is monitored following the required program and reports the same to the Construction Manager.
  • The implementation of any request that might be raised by the Consultant.
  • Allocation of manpower, materials and equipment’s in consultation with Construction Manager also monitoring their timely supply at the construction location.

Supervisor

  • The carrying-out the work and the proper distribution of all the available resources in coordination with the Site Engineering daily.
  • Daily reports of the works are achieved and coordinated for future planning with the site Engineer.
  • Incorporate all the QC and Safety requirements as requested by the concerned Engineer.
  • Meeting with any type of unforeseen incident or requirement.


Download File

MS-FA-Piping Equipment and Accessories Installation

Friday, January 22, 2021

January 22, 2021

Risk Assessment for Installation of Drain line Below Helipad

To prepare Risk Assessment for Installation of Drain line Below Helipad,  here are some of the basic and initial points. For more health and safety free document download, you are requested to subscribe the blog and get the notifications for new uploaded documents. 

Installation of Drain line Below Helipad

Task Step

  • Scaffold Erection
  • Collection and mobilization of material’s from workshop include tools
  • Lifting of spools using yard cranes
  • Transfer the tools and spool to install.
  • Location by chain blocks
  • Installation of pipe & pipe’s supports follow by welding
  • Removal of tools and left over materials and housekeeping

Hazard

  • Falling from heights
  • Hand injury and Fall objects
  • Caught In between Falling Hazard
  • Caught in Between
  • Falling objects from height
  • Possible Accident/III Health & Persons at Risk
  • Fatal Physical injury
  • Injury from falling

Existing Risk Control

  1. Erection only done by trained scaffold
  2. Use of fall protection devices (harness, etc.)
  3. Wearing hand glove and beware of pinch point.
  4. Ensure no over loading and appropriate lifting gears
  5. Wear hand gloves
  6. Secure properly of bundle of pipes
  7. Use proper lifting gears
  8. Selection of appropriate belts & chain blocks
  9. Proper secure points of chain block
  10. Ensure to wear body harness and hang on secure place
  11. Beware of pinch point
  12. Proper tools box to be used
  13. Provide fire cloth
  14. Ensure fire watch man
  15. Immediately remove excess materials, tools and proper housekeeping

Additional Risk Control Measure

  1. Check thoroughly the scaffold before assign to workers
  2. Pre job briefing in morning
  3. Competent & trained person to do rigging
  4. Check & inspect of belts condition (keep clear of lifting area)
  5. Barricade the area & display no entry sign
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January 22, 2021

Risk Assessment for Fabrication of Pipes in a Workshop

To prepare Risk Assessment for Fabrication of Pipes in a Workshop, here are some of the basic and initial points. For more health and safety free document download, you are requested to subscribe the blog and get the notifications for new uploaded documents. 

Fabrication of Pipes in a Workshop

Task Step

  • Arrange material to workshop “trailer”
  • Cutting of pipe
  • Grinding of pipe edge (Electrical)
  • Fit and weld

Hazard

  1. Pipe falling
  2. Pinch point
  3. Finger injury
  4. Fire hazard
  5. Falling object
  6. Physical injury (Bodily injury)
  7. Electrical hazard (Electrocuted)
  8. Electrical hazard 440V
  9. Possible Accident/III Health Risks
  10. Fatal Facture
  11. Crush injury
  12. Bodily injury
  13. Damage property
  14. Fracture / Crush
  15. Eye injury
  16. Burnt
  17. For particle in eyes
  18. Accidentally cut
  19. Fracture and crush injury of Finger
  20. Defective cable

Existing Risk Control

  1. Wedges & side stopper
  2. Clearing of Combustible material
  3. H/W tools check
  4. Tool box meeting
  5. PPE; ear & eye protection
  6. Grinder guard
  7. Monthly Inspection
  8. Cable Rack / Housekeeping
  9. Limited to 2½ pound hammer
  10. Inspection tag
  11. PTW
  12. Shock preventer

Additional Risk Control Measure

  1. Extra chain/belt to secure
  2. Crowbar to be used
  3. Tag line
  4. Deny entry to unauthorized person
  5. Using of LIG
  6. Education/ Enforcement
  7. Using of both hands to grind
  8. Rolling down of sleeves
  9. Physical check of tools daily
  10. Change to pneumatic tools
  11. Education;
  12. Tool-box meeting
  13. Anti-slip handle grip
  14. Periodic month;
  15. Daily check

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Risk Assessment for Fabrication of Pipes in a Workshop

Thursday, January 21, 2021

January 21, 2021

Risk Assessment for Computer Laboratory

The following are some of the leading risks associated to the computer laboratory  or any other Display Screen Equipment:

Hazards

  1. Ergonomics (Work-Related Disorders)
  2. Electrical routing of wires
  3. Electrical outlets
  4. Stress/Fatigue/Eyestrain etc. due to Lab’s hours of operation
  5. Effects from use of chemicals (Screen Cleaner)
  6. Slip & Trip due to trailing networking and electrical wires and or floor contamination with chemical or water spillage. 

Control Measures

  • Provide ergonomic work stations so repetitive strain injuries will not occur
  • The room should have sufficient electrical outlets for the number of workstations in the lab.
  • Be sure that electrical or networking wiring is routed to eliminate trip hazards. Extension cords should not be used.
  • Ensure workstation assessed in accordance with the Display Screen Equipment Regulations and complies with the State/Contry’s OSH Standards- Code of Practice on Visual Display Units. 
  • Ensure users are aware of the basic requirements of Display Screen Equipment Regulations and have the competence to adjust workstations to comply with the above.
  • Use a separate monitor rather than your laptop or tablet screen to reduce neck pain and visual fatigue. Position your screen to eye height or just below and move it to a comfortable viewing distance.
  • Operators to adopt multiple work systems & techniques and take frequent breaks away from the workstation and after every hour of continuous use.
  • Ensure only approved substances and Safety Control Systems are used and assessments undertaken were required.
  • Ensure user awareness regarding potential hazards from toner and instructions for safe use as outlined in the health and safety control sheet.
  • Toners replaced by trained personnel (Network Services).
  • Ensure all electrical equipment tested in accordance with the Electrical Safety-IIEE Regulations.
  • Equipment or other electrical devices must not be energized permanently with four gang leads. All computers and peripherals should have individual or separate socket outlets.
  • Make sure that any member of staff or other visitors without the relevant competencies does not interfere with, or try to make repairs to electrical equipment etc.

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