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Thursday, April 30, 2020

April 30, 2020

Risk Assessment for Pipe Threading Machine Use

General Safety

Before using any electrical tool or machinery, always read instructions in this manual completely and carefully provided by the manufacturer for your protection and prevention against serious electrical shocks or physical injuries.

Employee’s Safety

While operating or dealing with any electrical appliance or tool, keep the following points in your mind:
1-Stay alert and active, think what you are going to perform with the tool and always use common sense when operating a power tool, equipment and or machinery.
2-Never allow any of the technician or operator to operate the tool or machine when they are tired or under the influence of any lifesaving drugs or alcohol. If you will let these operations continue, the possibility of a serious incident is higher.
3-Always wear the most suitable recommended clothing and or compatible personal protective equipment and any type of unfit gloves, or loose clothing that can get caught in machine's moving parts and cause very serious injury.
4-Cover up or tie up long hair if you have or you are as the female operator or
5-Always wear safety goggles.
6-Protect hearing by using earmuffs or earplugs. If the machine is used daily or in an extremely noisy exposure area.
7-Provide complete safety induction and information.
8-Always use dust masks to protect your lungs when you carried out work in the dusty environment.
9-Train your workforce, technicians to keep their hands and face away from machine’s dies, cutters blades, or other moving parts of the tools.
10-Avoid accidental starting of the machinery or appliance. Always make sure that switch is in OFF position before plugging it to the power socket, because plugging in tools and or machinery in that have the switch in ON position always invites serious and severe accidents.
11-Train and or inform the operators to try to keep their hands away from rotating pipes and fittings. Stop the machine or tool before wiping pipes or screws.
12-Always allow the tools to come to a complete stop prior touching the pipes chucks. This type of protective practice will prevent serious injury and ill health circumstances.
13-Always before operating the service, tighten rear and front chucks and engage rear centering devices on the pipes before turning on the machines for reducing the severe possibility of risk of accidents.
14-Never try or practice to over-reach. Always Keep your/their proper footing positions and balance all times. Because proper footings enable better controls of the tools or appliance in unexpected situations and unwanted incidents.
15-Follow or adopt one rule strictly by unplugging power cord when not in use, before making any of the adjustments, changing of the accessories, and or storing the tools or equipment. Such type of prevention and protective actions and safety measures reduce risks of starting tools accidentally which may lead to fatal incidents

Threading Machine Safety Measures

1-The threading machines are made to thread and cut pipes and or bolt. Always follow instructions and manuals on the proper use of this machine provided as per the manufacturer’s directions.
2-Avoid its uses for another purpose rather than its real purpose of threading, such as drilling holes. Because it’s other purpose uses or modification may increase the risk of serious unwanted accidents.
3-Always secure the machine to stand where it is fixed or mounted. If pipes are too long, they must be given supports, because such preventive practice will prevent tipping.
4-Before the operation, remove hex keys and adjusting wrenches from the machine. And never force machines or appliance.it will reduce the ratio of the incident.
5-Always keep well maintenance of the machine with great care. Because periodically regular checkups of lubrication and consumables will enhance its age and performance. And Replace cutting oil or dies when it is necessary to do so. Also regularly and carefully inspect extension cords and replace if required due to any its deterioration.
6-Always use the manufacturer's recommended accessories.
7-Never use machines in case switches are broken or switch does not function it ON or OFF. Any tool or appliance that cannot be controlled with the switch is always dangerous and must be repaired as soon as possible.
8-All damaged parts of the machine and alignment of moving parts before using machines must be double-checked. And if you observe or find damage to any part of the machine Repair or replace damaged parts by an authorized dealer or outsource competent technician to ensure proper and safe operation of the machine or appliance. Use only genuine parts.
9-Before, during or after service, always keep their handles dry and clean and free from oil and grease contamination for better control of the machine and or appliance.

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Risk Assessment for Treading Machine Use
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Risk Assessment for Pipe Threading Machine Use

Wednesday, April 29, 2020

April 29, 2020

Risk Assessment for Manual Handling

What does Manual Handling mean?

Any activity (including the lifting, pushing, pulling, carrying or moving) that is accomplished or carried out by an individual that kind of load is termed as a manual handling task.

Why Manual Handling Risk Assessment?

Any individual who is involved in the moving and handling of goods, objects or material could be at high risk of severe and critical injury. There are a lot of possible amount of risks in handling even light objects and or material if the task is repetitive or is being carried out in poor conditions or have not compatibility with the person who is going to accomplish the activity.
If we discuss the risks, the possibility of risks is present in all field of working, service activities and departments, but construction, agriculture or merchandising areas are recognized as high-risk industries due to various varieties and nature of the manual handling activities that are conducted or carried out in these fields.

Musculoskeletal Disorders- MSDs

The injuries linked to manual handling activities are called MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS. These type of disorders include injuries to joints and tissues in the upper and lower limbs (ULL & LLD's) or back.

Controls for Manual Handling Risks

All types of Manual Handling Operations requires that employers should follow this order of control measures to deal with manual handling acute or chronic risks.
To control such kind of health risks, HIERARCHY OF CONTROL must be followed and or practiced.
1. Firstly try to keep away from any hazardous manual handling activity. If you could not move or lift the object, use alternative methods of working, e.g., automation (by using pallet trucks, trolleys, conveyor belts etc.).
2. Secondly, try to assess the risks of injury from associated hazardous manual handling activities that cannot be avoided. Such practices could be done in-house by finding alternative or substitute ways of making the work tasks easier, less risky and less physical efforts.
3. The last but not the least, reduce the risk of injury to the ALARP level. This term means to reduce all relative and critical risks until the cost of further safety measures in time, money or anxiety would be too great in proportion to its benefits.

The Process of Assessing Manual Handling Risks

An appropriate and authentic Manual Handling Assessment is required when there is not even a single possibility to avoid a manual handling activity and there is a possible risk of any acute or chronic injury. It will help to assess the aspects of the operation and assist in deciding appropriate and suitable controls.
The assessment of these manual handling risks is done or carried out by following a procedure called TILE. Some of the key aspects to look at for each element are as follows.
1.Task-Look if the task includes any twisting, stooping, bending, pushing, pulling, and abrupt movement of the load, seated work.
2.Individual-All participants to the task as being an individual have a variety of physical capacity, and this should be examined in risk assessment. It is mandatory to see at every individual's physical strength before carrying out a task. Any individual with an established disability must be assessed individually. Particular risk assessments will be enforced for budding participants and those with impaired vision, reduced grip’s strength, in pregnancy or other critical disability.
3.Load-Always look at if the load is heavy, difficult to grasp, sharp, hot or cold or if the capacity and or content is to be a move or shift.
4.Environment-the task performer should think about the working environment as this may increase the risk related to that specific task. Take some of the considerations such as floor conditions, variations on floor levels, space limits, poor lighting, and ventilation. And also, maybe extreme (hot or cold) environments and wind conditions can all have critical an impact.

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April 29, 2020

Risk Assessment for Lifting Operation

Most of the architectural, construction, engineering and manufacturing sectors and industries have more operations and activities for lifting. Such type of sectors use the heavy plants, equipment and tools to accomplish the operations and can often put employees and or workforce at great risk of severe and critical injuries, and the employer have to grate costs due to such incidents. To complete such heavy lifting operation, it is therefore very essential to plan in advance and look for all safety measure so, such type of organization of lifting operations will minimize the level of injury risks. In the process of lifting operation, each of these elements requires a competent person. The employee of workforce which is involved in the lifting operation should have appropriate theoretical and practical knowledge and information of the work and equipment in operation, as well as the requirements of the law of the state, to be accomplished to do this appropriately. For critical and high-risk operations, the planning and organization should be considerable
The first step the planning of individual routine lifting operations may be the responsibility of those who carry them out such as a slinger or crane operator. But if there is more complex or critical lifting operations for example, a tandem lift using multiple heavy cranes, a written and documented plan procedure should be created by a lifting operations competent person with outstanding and particular abilities which includes appropriate trainings, knowledge, that should be suitable for the high and critical level of the specific lifting task.
For simple and uncomplicated lifting operations, a single basic collective plan may be required for example fork-lift trucks in a factory that could be part of the normal hazard identification and risk assessment for that specific activity. But this type of lifting plan needs to be reviewed from time to time to make it sure not any specific changes are occurred within that premise of the lifting service. However, from time to time it may be necessary to review the plan to make sure that nothing has changed and the plan remains valid.  The other critical routine lifting operations which are a supposed to be more complicated may, depending on the circumstances, need to be planned each time the lifting operation is carried out safely and securely.
Any lifting operation must marked the inevitable risks involved in the activity and identify the appropriate resources (including competent and skilled employees) mandatory for the safe and secure completion of the job. Some or all these factors to include may be working under suspended loads, visibility, attaching/detaching and securing loads, environment, location, overturning, proximity hazards, de-rating, lifting people, overload, pre-use checking and continuing integrity of the equipment.
The lifting plan should set out the actions included at each step of the operation and identify the responsibilities of those involved in the tasks. The level of planning and complexity of the lift plan will multiple and should be equivalent to the expected risks involved in the work.

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Risk Assessment for Lifting Operation

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Risk Assessment for Lifting Operation

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

April 28, 2020

Risk Assessment for Installation of Cable Tray and Trunking

Most of the electrical engineers show their curiosity in getting experience on cable tray installations service or task. Most of engineers take it as a mechanical formation to be taken care of it. While carrying out such cable tray installation tasks both engineering departments including electrical and mechanical involvement required. There are several benefits and advantages of installing a cable tray mechanism in the facility in regards health and safety. We can describe the following advantages:
1. Cable tray system (CTS) increase the housekeeping standards in the facilities.
2. Cable Tray system strengthen the safety of the electrical wiring system.
3. Trunking system saves space, materials, labour charges, time and price.
4. All MEP of cable trunking installation are safe and simple than any other wiring system.

INSTALLATION OF CABLE TRAY OR TRUNKING SYSTEM FOR BUILDING ELECTRICAL APPLIANCES AND HAVC SERVICES

1. All cable trunking and installations must be as per the required and set national and international standards, approved designs and specifications.
2. Low Voltage System (LVS) in addition to the specification should be apply for the installation that will enhance the safety standards.
3. Comply with the installation drawings as closely as possible. The right is reserved to vary the runs and sizes of Cable Trays / Trunking and to make offsets but maintains as far as possible the free area of each duct work section, where essential to accommodate conditions arising at the building and or facility.
4. Before starting the cable tray installation in any area, check all parts of the adjoining work onto which relevant work is to be placed. Should any condition be found which will prevent the appropriate starting of the activity, installation shall not proceed in that area until such circumstances and or conditions are reformed by the contractor and or third party out sources?
5. Cable Tray and or Trunking shall be kept on worksite/project undercover in dry, well-ventilated storage facilities/building.
6. Where sizes of Cable Trays have not details on drawing then tray shall be appropriately sized to support the cables without bunching and a 25% reserve margin shall be permitted in size and weight to be loaded.
7. While installing the cables in the trunking or trays then all lines are selected to allow ease of access to all cables when installed. All horizontal cables are to be set around all vertical rising in the facility or of the building services as mandatory. Ensure appropriately clearance from rim for every installation.
8. Each of the Earth continuity conductors shall be provided across the gaps in all of the Cable Tray runs and bolted connections.
9. Support shall be utilizing the steel brackets installed at intervals mandatory to provide a rigid fixing and to ensure that deflection does not exceed 5mm mid-span of support when fully loaded.
10. Treatment of cut edges as per cut edges to be combined. Supports for Trunking shall be as per set national or international standard practice and manufacturer's recommendations.
11. Additional support shall be provided where the Cable Tray and or Trunking changes direction or cables drop out of the cable tray. Dome headed bolts, nuts and washers of finish appropriate to the tray shall be used between trays.
12. The Suspension sets of the tray or trunking structure incorporated threaded M10 zinc or cadmium plated hanger rods together with nuts and locking washers, supports channel hold down clips all of which shall have a galvanized finish. Any of the cut ends supports, rods, etc., must be corrosion protected by the use of galvanized. No extended rods to be left at the site/area.
13. All the cable tray shall be installed with a 40mm minimum space between the design and the tray.
14. All cable shall be safely or securely fixed to the tray, activity or task and the complete installation must be carried out in a neat, clean and workmanlike manner without crossovers.
15. Cables on face-up horizontally adjusted tray should be properly secured by the use of the tie wraps where not in visible. If cables and supporting wires are bunched or single cables greater than 25sq mm are installed, cleats or metal straps shall be used.
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April 28, 2020

Risk Assessment for Working at Height

What is working at Height?

The term working at height indicates to any work activity or task where an employee could likely fall and get worse and or severely injured. The falling could be from a vehicle, ladder, a roof’s edge or glass cladding, through an opening on the floor of the building, moveable scaffolding, even a loading dock can become into the working at height. If we in think it in general, fall protection is required by OSHA standards for any height change of 4 feet or more. Clearer in the term that working by any person more than 2.0 meters is to be considered height and anyone who will work on more than 2.0 meters, he should wear proper PPE and proper design and planning need to be implemented and follow all required safety control measures.

Safety Measures When Working at Height

During the work at height work activities and in the case to use Fall Arrest Systems (FAS), as fall arrest user, you need to make it sure that ensure you have selected the proper and appropriate equipment. Because all full-body harnesses that meet ANSI standards will perform the same task, despite their level of cost. However, that price differential can get you something extra better results. Sure, sometimes it’s all by just a name, but other times its performance that you are getting, such as extra D-rings, quality of fireproof material. Moreover, sometimes, more expensive full-body harness system costs more simply because it’s been made to be more comfortable and reliable.
Compatibility Matters
Always select the right PPE or other safety fall protection system, and as health and safety professional, it is your responsibility to choose the best quality equipment and advice to the employer, because it is the matter of life on the financial gains as for safety terms. If you have workers who perform welding activity at heights, then a standard nylon harness probably won’t have the heat protection you need; Kevlar type/quality might be the best option. On the other hand, comfort is more important, but the main concern has to be the ability to adjust the harness (compatibility) so it best fits the user properly, ensuring it works as per design.
In the best and secure fall protection system, lanyard has a very important system and it needs to be properly selected as well. It depends on the activity or works task on the height at which you are working, a 6’ lanyard with a deceleration device may not protect your worker in the better way or as per the required safety fall protection standards. Instead, a retractable lanyard might be mandatory. Each situation varies, so you need to first evaluate your working conditions and the work to be performed to give your employees something better that will protect them.

Always Use the Proper Equipment for Working at Heights

In the fall protection system, harnesses are not one-size-fits-all, neither are fall protection solutions. In some circumstances, a scaffold moveable or fixed is going to be your best solution to work at heights.

When and Where You Need Fall Protection

There are three considerations to think about when required fall safety systems (FAS):
1. Occasional
2. Temporary
3. Location.
If a worker is “Occasional” performing a task at height, they are not performing it more than once a month, or only as needed (e.g. equipment MEP). If the work task being done is “Temporary” then it generally it takes less than 2 hours to complete.
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Risk Assessment for Working at Height
April 28, 2020

Risk Assessment for Heavy Lifting Use of Cranes

The Most Common Crane Hazards

Most of the activities in advanced engineering specific to the architectural, manufacturing and industrial sectors are inevitable in the current era of construction. Working with heavy cranes poses many critical hazards, and such unsafe working practices can result in severe human injuries, fatalities and financial damage to buildings and materials. Therefore, here we will discuss how we can avoid the main hazards and how we can minimize them at ALARP level.
The following are some of the leading heavy lifting machinery (crane-related hazards) include:

The Falling of Loads

Often when working with overhead tower cranes, falling of loads is one of the most frequent, common, and most dangerous and critical hazards. Such of the falling load can result in various injuries, fatalities and important architectural damages to buildings, property and facilities. Moreover, it will also lead to significant time and financial costs.

Causes of Falling Loads from Overhead Heavy Duty Cranes:

1. Operator Incompatibility. As being an employer or your subordinate as a coworker, you must ensure that your employees or workforce are appropriately well trained so they can carry out their operative roles safely.
2. Slipping of Material or Object. As a crane operator, if you don’t properly secure loads it can result in slipping of material, objects and other items.
3. Mechanical Failure of the Lifting Machinery. The risk of mechanical failure can be minimized if you ensure a qualified and competent engineer or supervisor carries out routine inspections, maintenance and repairs at suitable intervals as per the national and international required lifting machinery standards and standard operating procedures.
4. Two Blocking and how it occurs. Two blocking occurs when an uppermost hoist line element (for example the load block, hook block, overhaul ball) touches the upper block, boom tip or same part. When two blocking occurs, increased tension is placed on the line which can result in falling of loads or crane parts. This could be very dangerous and could turn into a severe collapse.

Electrical Hazards

More than 50% of severe overhead accidents involving cranes are a result of a metallic part of heavy lifting machinery (crane) coming into contact with a power installation wires and cables (e.g., a high-voltage power line)? There’s a severe risk of a crane’s hoist line or boom touching energized power lines when moving materials or objects nearby or underneath. While those directly touching the heavy lifting machinery crane are the most possibly to be electrocuted, any employee in the locality are also at high risk and leads to a very critical situation. Due to such occurrence, even one accident can result in multiple human life losses and critical injuries.  Always proper lifting plan could minimize such losses

The Crane Overloading

The most of crane structural failures are the result of s overloading a crane. If load exceed a crane’s operational capacity, it is likely to subject it to structural stresses and cause permanent damage.
How you could overload a heavy crane if you:
⦁ Swing of loads.
⦁ Suddenly drop offloads.
⦁ Hoist loads above the cranes recommended capacity.
⦁ Use faulty and flawed components.
⦁ Drag loads.
⦁ Side-load a boom.

Crane Operating Safety Instructions

To carry out heavy crane operations safely, do the following:
1-As an employer, it is your legal responsibility to provide appropriate health and safety training to all employees to be competent at their lifting related tasks. It will minimize financial or human losses.
2-Never stand under a crane or have a load lifted over you. Employees must be aware of this and avoid walking through any zones where cranes are overhead.
3-Always carry out routine maintenance and repairs of all on-site equipment at appropriate intervals. It is the part of an employer’s legal responsibility under lifting laws of the state and involves carrying out routine, periodic maintenance and repairs to ensure machinery is in safe working condition.
4-Competent Supervisor should be present on-site at all times when cranes are in operation.
5-Always train and give knowledge to the employees that they should be aware of, and strictly enforce, load and lifting limits.
6-Clear warning signals and awareness posters for health and safety should be displayed on-site when needed. All the relevant hazard signs and posters in all danger zones on-site to warn the employees of the potential hazards. As being an employer, always make ensure all your employees know and understand all the warning signs so they are aware of when they are entering a danger zone.
7-Provision of appropriate PPE for all employees is mandatory. It should be ensured that all employees wear appropriate foot, head and eye protection, along with any other PPE you have identified in your risk assessment.
8-Before starting the lifting operation, appropriate safety-plan must be in place.
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Risk Assessment for Heavy Lifting Use of Cranes
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Monday, April 27, 2020

April 27, 2020

Environmental Risk Assessment

Environmental Risk Assessment-ERA

Risk assessment, hazard identification and job safety analysis contribute a methodical strategy for forecasting probable risks to human health or our environment. For example, if we conduct chemical risk and hazard identification, aims of such initiative is to detect and know if a chemical or hazardous substance is being utilized as expected without causing destructive acute or chronic effects to human health or the environment.
If we look forward toward an environmental risk assessment (ERA) or hazard identification is a process of envisioning whether there may be a risk of adverse effects on the environment due to chemical substance. Environmental exposure concentrations of a chemical or substance are anticipating and compared to predicted no-effect consolidation for several environmental categories. An environmental risk assessment (ERA) can also expose if initiatives are required to bind the aptitude environmental ramification of a substance and or chemicals, for example. In a certain application, and it can indicate if propagate testing and knowledge about a chemical are required.

HSE Documents-Environmental Risk Assessment Basics

In the process of environmental risk assessments, the basic aim is to identify the nature and significance of occupational and environmental health risks to humans (e.g., society members, workforce, and contesting visitors, other stakeholders) and Eco-friendly receptors (for example., birds, fish, animals) from chemical and substances pollutants and other aggravation that may be present in the environment.

Environmental Risk Assessment-Introduction

The term “Risk” is generally characterized as the likelihood that a harmful consequence will occur as the result of an action or condition. It includes a mixed evaluation of hazards and exposure. If we look for Environmental risk assessment (ERA), it deals with the synergy of, chemicals, substances, hazards, humans, and ecological resources. It explains human populations, ecological resources, analyzes substances and exposure capacity; characterizes the potential for conflicting effects; defines ambiguity; creates various options to deal with the risks, and communicates information about the risks to humans and ecosystems. The environmental risk assessments (ERA) has two factors; human health risk assessment and ecological risk assessment. The steps of doing an Environmental risk assessment include hazard identification and problem formulation, analysis, and risk characterization.
There are several environmental risk assessments (ERA), e.g., safety risk assessment, pollution or impurity risk assessment and natural disaster risk assessment. The scope of the environmental risk assessment (ERA) covers emissions and consequent environmental impact at each stage of the life-cycle of a chemical or substance, from management, through processing, formulation and use, to recycling and disposal. Protection targets for the environment include the atmosphere, aquatic organisms, soil-dwelling organisms, micro-organisms in wastewater (sewage) treatment plants, and birds exposed via accumulation up the food chain.
Risk assessors or managers utilize this type of information to cooperate them determine how to protect humans, animals and the environment from contaminants. The most important point is that “risk managers and or Risk Assessor” can be state administrator whose job it is to prevent the environment, who work at Organizations that can impact the environment who are making an opinion about the risk assessment.
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Environmental Risk Assessment
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Environmental Risk Assessment

Friday, April 24, 2020

April 24, 2020

QHSE Internal Audit Inspection Closure Report

Health Safety and Environmental (cooperatively HSE) is regulation and skill that examine and implements practical features of environmental protection and a safe system of work (SSOW) at work. If we look it more simply, it is what organizations must do to make sure that their worksite and or project base task do not cause harm to anyone (including, man, environment and the members of the society under the range of their activities being carried out). Often, QHSE is known as a quality, Health, Safety and Environmental, in more simple terms safety with - quality assurance & quality control.
Now if we look from a Safety point of view, it includes fabricating well-managed endeavor and procedures for identifying worksite hazards and reducing accidents and exposure to harmful circumstances, substances and chemicals. It also includes training of employees and or workforce in accident prevention, accident response, emergency anticipations, and use of personal, protective equipment.
Good Health is the development of safe, secure, hazard-free, high quality, and environmentally favorable mechanisms, working methods and skills and systemic exercises that help to prevent or reduce the risk of harm to people in general, operators, or patients, visitors and other members of the society.
Thirdly, from an environmental viewpoint, it comprises generating an efficient approach to adhere to environmental regulations, such as better management of waste or air radiation, discharge or emission to helping worksites reduce the organization's carbon footprint.

How the QHSE Audit Inspection Closure Report could be accomplished?

The Quality Audit Inspection Closure Report is possibly conducted successfully only through regular and thorough Health, Safety and Environmental (HSE) inspections and Organizations internal or external audits system/procedures where the Contractor appropriately appraise the level of management commitment, compliance with health safety and environmental (HSE) standards and internal procedures, safe work tasks, appropriate tools and equipment, safe system of work (SSOW), and safe work behavior of the personnel involved in this process.
The Contractor is conclusively responsible for the performance of required regular and irregular health, safety and environmental inspections, observations and internal or external audits. This field of responsibility includes inspection and auditing of all human and material resources and techniques, documentation procedures, records, and worksite activities or job areas. The Contractor and or client shall be answerable for establishing that all Subcontractors to the Contractor maintain and implement inspection, observations and audit programs which meet those of the Contractor, Consultant, and other stakeholders’.

The Frequency of Inspections & Documentation

All people and workforce employed by the Contractor and or client carry some level of answer-ability for managing see able health safety and environmental (HSE) inspections and observations. The employees shall always visually inspect tools, equipment, vehicles, and plant, machinery and construction materials before adaptation.  At a minimum, a visual inspection or observation must be enforced routinely or daily. Mostly, visual inspections or observations are not recorded or documented except inspection and or observation item requires important action be taken.
Visual quality health safety and environmental (QHSE) inspections include:
1.    Fall Protection System (full body harnesses, lanyards, anchorages, lifelines)
2.    Rigging Equipment Mechanism (slings, shackles, chains, ropes)
3.    Electrical Equipment and Appliances (spider boxes, extension cords, GFCI’s)
4.    Power Operated Tools (drills, saws, nail guns)
5.    Hand tools
6.    Personal protective equipment
7.    Ladders
8.    Generators
9.    Compressors 
10.  Guard railings, stair railings
11.  Barrier systems
For the accomplishment of QHSE audit system is expected that all Contractor or clients personnel will have a detector’s eye at all times during their daily routine. The workforce is urged to report all unsafe conditions and unsafe acts and circumstances which pose a critical enhanced risk to the employees or worksite as a group.
During the process of QHSE inspection closure report process, all defective, damaged, tools, equipment, machinery materials and substance identified through visual inspection should be taken out of service, properly tagged to reflect the fault. The damaged or faulty notification shall be made to the HSE experts or other supervisory staff to set up documentation and corrective action.
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QHSE Internal Audit Inspection Closure Report

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Thursday, April 23, 2020

April 23, 2020

Training Needs Analysis Matrix Format

Health and Safety Training Needs

An Occupational Health Safety and Environmental Training Matrix is very impressive planning and communication tool utilized by the company and or organization to dominate and follow their health and safety training needs. To implement health safety and environmental policy within the organization to gain the set goals and objectives, continuous training needs and their proper assessment is mandatory. It also shows the commitment of an organizations top management and decision-makers towards a hazard and risk-free working environment in the worksite or the entire organization. This is another aspect of how this training needs help the Organizations towards promoting a solid, strong and positive safety culture. A project or line manager or supervisor can easily detect and track the obligatory training without indicating to volumes of procedures, legislation organization health and safety policies. Training needs analysis also be used for rapidly determining who has been trained, when they were trained, what shortcomings there are in their training, scheduling training and allocating resources. A health and safety training matrix can also be used for workforce or employee development and performance evaluation. They can be kept in both formats for example, electronically or in paper form, the most of them will display or arrange for them in workforce, staff, technicians, MEP staff or employee’s areas for several good sense.
A Training Needs Analysis is a mechanism that can be utilized to record health and safety training and skill levels within companies. An HSE Training Needs Analysis has a variety of uses from supporting difference analysis between required and actual knowledge levels and also tracking proficiency levels. When utilized as an observable management tool, the matrix can identify, evidently, individual competencies levels and Vulnerability within the department.
To enable worksite Employers to create their health and safety Training Matrix, HSE Documents have created a template and we would encourage employers to utilize and alter the Training Needs Analysis Schedule template to fit and suit their organization (HSE Documents) and workforce needs.

Why do an Organization Training Needs Analysis Need?

To follow up health and safety policy, and to promote a better, well balanced and positive safety culture within an organization, to fulfill state’s legislative requirement that all occupational health and safety training needs are analyzed and accomplished. The primary analysis identifies any shortcomings in HSE training required in ensuring the safety of people, employees and other members of the society and stakeholders are met in compliance with the health Safety and Health Act, regulations of the country. All middle and top level of management of the organization are responsible for undertaking a TNA for the positions in the areas of their responsibility, and are required to review and adjust Training Needs Analysis register continuously.

What Do You Need To Conduct TNA within Your Organization?

To conduct the TNA in the organization, you will need to know the following:
Firstly, the competences, abilities, skills and knowledge required by each member of your workforce and or employee as per their job description.
Secondly, the type of health and safety training that provides evidence of competency for each work task or activity i.e. work at height, work in confined space, use and storage chemical and hazardous substances, driving in extreme weather conditions (e.g., fog, thunderstorm or dust storm).
Thirdly, the status of each employee and or workforce health and safety training history in regards to each area of competency requirement.
And in the last, strategies and planning for closing the shortcomings through a variety of learning and assessment options.
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Training Needs Analysis Matrix Format
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Training Needs Analysis Matrix Format



Sunday, April 19, 2020

April 19, 2020

Occupational health Safety and Management Systems (OHSMS-ILO)

An Occupational Health Safety and Management Systems (OHSMS-ILO) is a set of policies and procedures that are used by an organization to reduce unwanted events (near misses, incidents, accidents and illnesses) among their workforce and or employees.
It is a well-proven fact that well-established health safety and environmental management system of an organization plays a vital and integral in reducing and minimizing the severity of work-related fatal, major or minor injuries and illnesses. The organization that gives most importance, resources or shows its commitment will get its short and long term benefits in the shape of financial, reputation and moral terms.

The Role of the Organizations Occupational health Safety and Management Systems (OHSMS):

From time to time researches have shown that in any organization, the commitment of the management of all level from top to bottom plays a vital role in the success of their OHS management system. The other aspect of its success is to make the participation of their employee’s ownership in their health, safety and environmental management system. Workers/workforce’s commitment to an organization’s occupational health safety and environmental management system can be essential issues for any establishment.  The Organizations Occupational health Safety and Management Systems - (OHSMS) the immediate elements of any organizations health and safety policy could be the following:
  • Policy
  • Organizing
  • Planning and implementation
  • Evaluation
  • Action for improvement.
Although other SMS models use different terminology, the process and workflow for health safety and environmental management system (OHSEMS) are usually following similar:
Policy: it is the written documented statements that define what type of resources (financial, men power, the commitment of the management of all level and legal) are necessary for the company and at the same time how to achieve the per-defined health and safety targets.
Organizing: How is the organization structured, where responsibilities are and accountabilities defined, who reports to who and who is responsible for what.
Planning and Implementation: this is the 3rd phase of the health and safety management system where applicable laws, regulations and legal terms are discussed and applied and predefined occupational health and safety objectives are set and review are accomplished and planned how to hazard assessment and identification is carried out within the system?
Evaluation:  How is OHS performance measured and assessed, what are the processes for the reporting of accidents and incidents and for the investigation of accidents and what internal and external audit processes are in place to review the system. 
Action for Improvements: How are preventative and corrective actions managed and what processes are in place to ensure the continual improvement process?
The health and safety policy is a continual process, it is set, organized implemented, reviewed and evaluated on continual terms. If it is working as per the pre-set objectives and goals, it is considered appropriate to proceed and if there are some shortcomings detected in it or any organization found that it is not fulfilling organizations needs and expectation, then it is reviewed and make it to the company’s required standards
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Occupational health Safety and Management Systems (OHSMS-ILO)

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Occupational health Safety and Management Systems (OHSMS-ILO)

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